Test-and-Assessment Materials Structure and Content for Graduate's Entrance Examinations at Higher Education Institution Using Its Educational Standards

Dorofeev, A. A.; Iriyanov, N. Ya.
November 2014
Science & Education of Bauman MSTU / Nauka i Obrazovanie of Baum;nov2014, Issue 11, p817
Academic Journal
A feature of the entrance tests for admission to the Master's studies at higher education institution (HEI) using its standards is that the entrants used to study at different higher education institutions taking various curricula, but have to meet identical requirements to show their readiness for learning as students of master level. A transition to mass enrolment to the master programmes makes applications of test technologies to be expedient. But as the objective of educational process of HEI programmes is formulated as a professional competence with not all components assessed by the existing types of test tasks, it is impossible to use directly the standard techniques for development of valid and reliable tests. The paper offers an option to eliminate this contradiction using the test-assessment materials with approved tasks, which being fulfilled show professionally significant personal characteristics, properties and qualities, and the technique of conducted tests is based on long-term examination committee's experience to enroll fresh students and postgraduates. Thus, options for testing include the tasks approved during educational process with a competence-based modulestructured teaching material, and the tasks concerning the objects with names of their founders serve to diagnose educational components The main component of a validity of this part of test is the differentiating property, and for diagnostics of readiness to creative research activity is entered a professionally focused case study with the weasel-worded purpose and incorrect basic data. The approved and fulfilled form in which fresh students are enrolled as a result of entrance examinations, and a selection committee as an executive structure can be also a basis for technology of conducting the mass entrance tests for the entrants applying for master programmes.


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