A Christology of Incarnation and Enthronement: Romans 1:3-4 as Unified, Nonadoptionist, and Nonconciliatory

January 2015
Catholic Biblical Quarterly;Jan2015, Vol. 77 Issue 1, p107
Academic Journal
Fresh purchase on well-worn problems in Romans 1:3-4 can be gained by paying careful attention to neglected details in reception history. It is argued that the pre-Pauline material in Rom 1:3-4--despite considerable scholarly opinion to the contrary--is unredacted, nonadoptionist, and nonconciliatory. A more accurate assessment of the christology of Rom 1:3-4 finds that after his resurrection, Jesus, who was in fact the preexistent Son of God, was appointed to a new office described as "Son-of-God-in-Power," not adopted. It can also be shown as probable--although this has rarely been noted--that the author of the protocreed (and hence Paul also) intends to refer to Mary's instrumental contribution in bringing the preexistent Son into fleshly existence with the compact phrase TOU YEVOGCVOU 4K aTteppaxoc; AauiS ("who came into being by means of the seed of David"). The christological foci are the two transitions in the divine life of the Son, entering human existence and being installed as Son-of-God-in-Power--what later tradition would call the incarnation and the enthronement.


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