Environmental and Social Costs of Biomass Energy

Pimentel, D.; Fried, C.; Olson, L.; Schmidt, S.; Wagner-Johnson, K.; Westman, A.; Whelan, A.; Foglia, K.; Poole, P.; Klein, T.; Sobin, R.; Bochner, A.
February 1984
BioScience;Feb1984, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p89
Academic Journal
Biomass could provide as much as 11% of US energy needs by the year 2000; however, serious environmental and socioeconomic problems associated with biomass energy necessitate careful analysis of the benefits and risks. The environmental problems include: conflicts over land and water resources with agricultural and forestry production; increased soil erosion and nutrient loss; plus higher levels of air pollution. Socioeconomic problems include an increase in occupational injuries and illnesses and a rise in land and farm commodity prices. (Accepted for publication 1 June 1983)


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