TITLE

Seasonal Dependence of the Effect of Arctic Greening on Tropical Precipitation

AUTHOR(S)
Kang, Sarah M.; Kim, Baek-Min; Frierson, Dargan M. W.; Jeong, Su-Jong; Seo, Jeongbin; Chae, Yoojeong
PUB. DATE
August 2015
SOURCE
Journal of Climate;Aug2015, Vol. 28 Issue 15, p6086
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper examines the seasonal dependence of the effect of Arctic greening on tropical precipitation. In CAM3/CLM3 coupled to a mixed layer ocean, shrub and grasslands poleward of 60°N are replaced with boreal forests. With darker Arctic vegetation, the absorption of solar energy increases, but primarily in boreal spring and summer since little insolation reaches the Arctic in boreal winter. The net energy input into the northern extratropics is partly balanced by southward atmospheric energy transport across the equator by an anomalous Hadley circulation, resulting in a northward shift of the tropical precipitation. In contrast, in boreal fall, the slight increase in insolation over the Arctic is more than offset by increased outgoing longwave radiation and reduced surface turbulent fluxes in midlatitudes, from the warmer atmosphere. As a result, the Northern Hemisphere atmosphere loses energy, which is compensated by a northward cross-equatorial atmospheric energy transport, leading to a southward shift of the tropical precipitation in boreal fall. Thus, although Arctic vegetation is changed throughout the year, its effect on tropical precipitation exhibits substantial seasonal variations.
ACCESSION #
108632354

 

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