Fully Connected Neural Networks Ensemble with Signal Strength Clustering for Indoor Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks

Bernas, Marcin; Płaczek, Bartłomiej
December 2015
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks;12/27/2015, p1
Academic Journal
The paper introduces a method which improves localization accuracy of the signal strength fingerprinting approach. According to the proposed method, entire localization area is divided into regions by clustering the fingerprint database. For each region a prototype of the received signal strength is determined and a dedicated artificial neural network (ANN) is trained by using only those fingerprints that belong to this region (cluster). Final estimation of the location is obtained by fusion of the coordinates delivered by selected ANNs. Sensor nodes have to store only the signal strength prototypes and synaptic weights of the ANNs in order to estimate their locations. This approach significantly reduces the amount of memory required to store a received signal strength map. Various ANN topologies were considered in this study. Improvement of the localization accuracy as well as speedup of learning process was achieved by employing fully connected neural networks. The proposed method was verified and compared against state-of-the-art localization approaches in real world indoor environment by using both stationary and mobile sensor nodes.


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