TITLE

Role of climate risks and socio-economic factors in influencing the impact of climatic extremes: a normalisation study in the context of Odisha, India

AUTHOR(S)
Bahinipati, Chandra; Venkatachalam, Lingappan
PUB. DATE
January 2016
SOURCE
Regional Environmental Change;Jan2016, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p177
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Economic costs imposed by climatic extremes have been increasing over the years and are expected to follow a similar trend in the coming years as well. Such costs are incurred due to two factors: (1) natural climate variability and anthropogenic climate change and (2) exposure and vulnerability of socio-economic factors. The impact of these factors as identified separately through a 'normalisation technique' is analysed in the existing normalisation studies conducted mostly in developed country contexts; these have produced mixed results. However, one needs to enquire about the influence of the above two factors in a developing country context where the anticipated impacts of climate extremes are significant. This study, therefore, makes an attempt to adjust impact data, in terms of the reported population affected and economic damages of three extreme events, namely cyclones, floods and droughts, together for societal changes between 1972 and 2009 in Odisha in eastern India. Further, the second component is analysed in two ways: (1) assuming that exposed socio-economic factors are equally vulnerable similar to the other normalisation studies, i.e. no adaptation and (2) incorporating adaptation in the existing normalisation methods-which has attracted less attention so far in the literature. The results suggest that: (a) both the natural climate variability and the socio-economic factors influence the increasing damages in the recent decades, and (b) when adaptation is introduced in the normalisation model, economic losses have reduced significantly compared to the estimates using the existing normalisation models.
ACCESSION #
112132038

 

Related Articles

  • Climate science: Rising tide. Jones, Nicola // Nature;9/19/2013, Vol. 501 Issue 7467, p301 

    The article discusses various issues associated with global sea-level rise due to climatic changes as of September 19, 2013 by arguing findings of climatic scientists of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). According to the IPCC findings, sea levels will rise by around between...

  • Cross-sectoral impacts of climate and socio-economic change in Scotland: implications for adaptation policy. Holman, Ian; Harrison, Paula; Metzger, Marc // Regional Environmental Change;Jan2016, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p97 

    Understanding the importance of cross-sectoral implications of climate and socio-economic change in Scotland is essential for adaptation policy. This study explored the direct and indirect sectoral impacts of future change using the CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment Platform. There is great spatial...

  • A framework for a European network for a systematic Environmental impact assessment of genetically modified organisms (GMO). Graef, Frieder; Römbke, Jörg; Binimelis, Rosa; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Hilbeck, Angelika; Breckling, Broder; Dalgaard, Tommy; Stachow, Ulrich; Catacora-Vargas, Georgina; Bøhn, Thomas; Quist, David; Darvas, Béla; Dudel, Gert; Oehen, Bernadette; Meyer, Hartmut; Henle, Klaus; Wynne, Brian; Metzger, Marc J.; Knäbe, Silvio; Settele, Josef // BioRisk: Biodiversity & Ecosystem Risk Assessment;2012, Vol. 7, p73 

    The assessment of the impacts of growing genetically modified (GM) crops remains a major political and scientific challenge in Europe. Concerns have been raised by the evidence of adverse and unexpected environmental effects and differing opinions on the outcomes of environmental risk...

  • Effect of global warming on environmental sustainibility. Godheja, Jai; Shinde, Shekhar; Soni, Rashmi; Niyazi, Sadaf Kafeel; Das, Debolina // Journal of Experimental Sciences;Jun2012, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p7 

    Since the 1850s the effects of global warming have been anticipated by the rise of temperature in many big cities. In addition, vegetation changes in central European cities have been well documented. This paper explores the changing urban distribution of some ruderal herbaceous species and...

  • Review the Environmental Effects of Using Industrial Wastewater Effluent (Case Study: Iran Qom Shokouhie Industrial State). Jesmanitafti, Nona; Jozi, Seyed Ali; Monavar, Seyed Masoud // Journal of Environmental Protection;Jul2014, Vol. 5 Issue 10, p875 

    The overall goal of this study is investigating the environmental impacts of using wastewater effluent of industrial states in irrigation of green space. For this purpose, industrial state of Shokouhieh in Qom Province in central of Iran was selected as a case study. Firstly, the quality and...

  • The Macroecology of Sustainability. Burger, Joseph R.; Allen, Craig D.; Brown, James H.; Burnside, William R.; Davidson, Ana D.; Fristoe, Trevor S.; Hamilton, Marcus J.; Mercado-Silva, Norman; Nekola, Jeffrey C.; Okie, Jordan G.; Zuo, Wenyun // PLoS Biology;Jun2012, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p1 

    The discipline of sustainability science has emerged in response to concerns of natural and social scientists, policymakers, and lay people about whether the Earth can continue to support human population growth and economic prosperity. Yet, sustainability science has developed largely...

  • Development of Small Forms of Entrepreneurship and Agricultural Production in Russian Village. Sklyarov, Igor Yurevich; Sklyarova, Yulia Mikhailovna // Middle East Journal of Scientific Research;11/7/2013, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p424 

    The authors point out that one of the main purposes of reforms in Russian agricultural economy was development of small businesses in the country. The role of small businesses and their influence on socio-economic state of a region, on local consumers, regional markets are defined. Measures to...

  • Drought analysis in Jordan under current and future climates. Al-Qinna, Mohammed I.; Hammouri, Nezar A.; Obeidat, Mutewekil M.; Ahmad, Fayez Y. // Climatic Change;Jun2011, Vol. 106 Issue 3, p421 

    Droughts have adverse socioeconomic, agricultural, and environmental impacts that can be reduced by assessing and forecasting drought behavior. The paper presents detailed analyses of both meteorological and vegetative droughts over the period from 1970 to 2005. Standardized Precipitation Index...

  • Lost in the Wash: Predicting the Impact of Losing Aboriginal Coastal Sites in Australia. McIntyre-Tamwoy, Susan; Buhrich, Alice // International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts & Responses;2012, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p53 

    Coastal sea level rise, increased storm wash, storm surges and extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones are predicted to impact on the Australian coastline in future years. The emphasis in research activity in Australia has been directed at issues such as coastal planning and impacts on...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics