TITLE

Anthropometry and body composition of 18 year old men according to duration of breast feeding: birth cohort study from Brazil

AUTHOR(S)
Victora, Cesar G; Lima, Rosangela C; Barros, Fernando; Horta, Bernardo L; Wells, Jonathan
PUB. DATE
October 2003
SOURCE
BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);10/18/2003, Vol. 327 Issue 7420, p901
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract Objective: To assess the association between duration of breast feeding and measures of adiposity in adolescence. Design: Population based birth cohort study. Setting: Pelotas, a city of 320 000 inhabitants in a relatively developed area in southern Brazil. Participants All newborn infants in the city's hospitals were enrolled in 1982; 78.8% (2250) of all male participants were located at age 18 years when enrolling in the national army. Main outcome measures: Weight, height, sitting height, subscapular and triceps skinfolds, and body composition (body fat, lean mass). Results: Neither the duration of total breast feeding nor that of predominant breast feeding (breast milk plus non-nutritive fluids) showed consistent associations with anthropometric or body composition indices. After adjustment for confounding factors, the only significant associations were a greater than 50% reduction in obesity among participants breast fed for three to five months compared with all other breasffeeding categories (P=0.007) and a linear decreasing trend in obesity with increasing duration of predominant breast feeding (P=0.03). Similar significant effects were not observed for other measures of adiposity. Borderline direct associations also occurred between total duration of breast feeding and adult height (P=0.06). Conclusions: The significant reduction in obesity among children breast fed for three to five months is difficult to interpret, as no a priori hypothesis existed regarding a protective effect of intermediate duration of breast feeding. The findings indicate that, in this population, breast feeding has no marked protective effect against adolescent adiposity.
ACCESSION #
11237645

 

Related Articles

  • Breast feeding and obesity in childhood: cross sectional study. Li, L; Parsons, TJ; Power, C // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);10/18/2003, Vol. 327 Issue 7420, p904 

    Reports on a study in Great Britain on breast feeding and obesity in childhood. Information on data used in the study, including year of the study; Results of the study, such as effectiveness of breast feeding in protecting against obesity in childhood; Process that was used for the study, such...

  • Double duty. Miller, Michelle // Fit Pregnancy;Aug/Sep2010, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p60 

    The article offers tips on looking after twin infants and several products to care for them. Shelly Flais, a mother of four children, including identical twins, says one should feed twins simultaneously as there won't be much time in a day to feed them one by one. The EZ-2-Nurse Twins nursing...

  • let me eat cake! Brown, Janelle // Yoga Journal;Sep2010, Issue 231, p55 

    A personal narrative is presented which explores the author's experience changing her diet and eliminating nuts, soy and dairy products when her nursing baby experienced sensitivity to her breast milk.

  • Breastfeeding Practices of Health Professionals and Care Workers in Turkey. Yemen, Hakan; Akçam, Mustafa // Collegium Antropologicum;Dec2004, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p877 

    Breastfeeding has a significant positive impact on the health of infants and is the best nutrition source. Health professionals / care workers play a considerable role in the promotion of breast-feeding. The knowledge and attitude level of health professionals / care workers and its influence on...

  • The benefits of human milk and breastfeeding.  // British Journal of Midwifery;Aug2013, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p551 

    The article discusses the highlights of a talk on breastfeeding delivered at the British of Journal of Midwifery (BJM) Study Day in June 2013. Bernd Stahl, research and development director of human milk research at the Danone Research Centre for Specialized Nutrition in the Netherlands,...

  • Early Life Programming of Abdominal Adiposity in Adolescents: The HELENA Study. Labayen, Idoia; Ruiz, Jonatan R.; Ruiz, Jonathan R.; Vicente-Rodríguez, Germán; Turck, Dominique; Rodríguez, Gerardo; Meirhaeghe, Aline; Molnár, Denes; Sjöström, Michael; Castillo, Manuel J.; Gottrand, Frederic; Moreno, Luis A. // Diabetes Care;Nov2009, Vol. 32 Issue 11, p2120 

    OBJECTIVE -- To examine the relationship between birth weight and abdominal adiposity in adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -- A total of 284 adolescents (49.3% of whom were female) aged 14.9 ± 1.2 years were included in the study. Birth weight and gestational age were obtained from...

  • Infant feeding in Sweden: Socio-demographic determinants and associations with adiposity in childhood and adolescence. Grjibovski, Andrej M.; Ehrenblad, Bettina; Yngve, Agneta // International Breastfeeding Journal;2008, Vol. 3, Special section p1 

    Background: Recent reviews and meta-analyses conclude that breastfeeding constitutes a small but consistent protective effect against obesity or higher values of body mass index (BMI) in children, though in some studies this effect was weakened after adjustment for potential confounders. The aim...

  • Breastfeeding and Overweight in Children and Adolescents. King, Dale E. // International Journal of Childbirth Education;Dec2001, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p42 

    Focuses on the issues surrounding breastfeeding and obesity in children. Advantages of breastfeeding over bottlefeeding; Link between breastfeeding and childhood obesity; Factors which contribute to obesity in adolescents

  • Mycotoxins Levels in Human Milk: A Menace to Infants and Children Health. Tonon, Karina M.; Reiter, Mercedes G. R.; Scussel, Vildes M. // Current Nutrition & Food Science;Feb2013, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p33 

    Infants, especially newborns, are more susceptible to contaminants than adult humans because of their physiological immaturity. Synthetic or natural toxic substances, such as mycotoxins, can lead to acute intoxication episodes, as the example of aflatoxicosis. However, the long-term effects...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics