A Routing Algorithm Based on Ant Colony, Local Search and Fuzzy Inference to Improve Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks

Jafari, Mina; Khotanlou, Hassan
October 2013
International Journal of Electrical & Computer Engineering (2088;Oct2013, Vol. 3 Issue 5, p640
Academic Journal
Wireless sensor network is a new generation of networks in which the main aim is to collect data from the surrounding environment of network sensors. The major differences of wireless sensor networks with other networks are limited energy resources and relatively low processing capabilities. Therefore, managing power and reducing energy consumption are of great importance in these networks. In this paper, there was presented a mechanism for Wireless sensor network routing which can be more effective regarding the criteria of route length, end-to-end delay and network node energy for the quality of mechanism service. The proposed method used ant colony-based routing algorithm and local enquiry to find optimal routes. Also, a fuzzy inference system was used to determine the route quality which showed better performance compared with equation of route quality. The results of simulating mechanism showed that energy consumption and network efficiency had improved compared with those of previous methods.


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