The Desalination Process Driven by Wave Energy: A Challenge for the Future

Franzitta, Vincenzo; Curto, Domenico; Milone, Daniele; Viola, Alessia
December 2016
Energies (19961073);Dec2016, Vol. 9 Issue 12, p1032
Academic Journal
The correlation between water and energy is currently the focus of several investigations. In particular, desalination is a technological process characterized by high energy consumption; nevertheless, desalination represents the only practicable solution in several areas, where the availability of fresh water is limited but brackish water or seawater are present. These natural resources (energy and water) are essential for each other; energy system conversion needs water, and electrical energy is necessary for water treatment or transport. Several interesting aspects include the study of saline desalination as an answer to freshwater needs and the application of renewable energy (RE) devices to satisfy electrical energy requirement for the desalination process. A merge between renewable energy and desalination is beneficial in that it is a sustainable and challenging option for the future. This work investigates the possibility of using renewable energy sources to supply the desalination process. In particular, as a case study, we analyze the application of wave energy sources in the Sicilian context.


Related Articles

  • Hydropower Plants: Most Efficient Energy Generation Systems.  // Made in Germany;2008, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p8 

    The article focuses the advantages of hydropower as main source of energy in Germany. The advantages include constant availability, high degree of efficiency and the ability to store energy. In addition, the hydropower plants are the most effective energy generation systems in the country which...

  • Vote with Your Dollars: Opt for Green Energy. Wacker, Tim // Mother Earth News;Summer2007, Issue 221A, p12 

    The article presents information on renewable energy certificates (REC), a system of buying green power or electricity generated from renewable sources. REC, which is also called green tags, allow consumers to vote with their money, choosing to spend more on their electric bills to know that...

  • Prospect of stand-alone wave-powered water desalination system. Samrat, Nahidul Hoque; Ahmad, Norhafizan; Choudhury, Imtiaz Ahmed // Desalination & Water Treatment;Jan2016, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p51 

    Our earth is a water planet; nearly two thirds of the earth’s surface is covered by ocean water. But the shortage of fresh water is a major problem in many areas, especially in rural villages near to the sea or islands. Now, renewable energy-based desalination system is rising around the...

  • Operation of desalination plants using renewable energies and hybrid control. Palacin, Luis G.; Tadeo, Fernando; De Prada, Cesar; Salazar, Johanna // Desalination & Water Treatment;Jan2011, Vol. 25 Issue 1-3, p119 

    This paper presents a control system for the operation of desalination plants powered by locally generated renewable energy. To cope with the variability of the water demands and the available energy, the amount of water produced must be manipulated optimally. This is carried out by regulating a...

  • Experimental comparison of the performance of two reverse osmosis desalination units equipped with different energy recovery devices. Dimitriou, Evangelos; Mohamed, Essam Sh.; Karavas, Christos; Papadakis, George // Desalination & Water Treatment;Sep2015, Vol. 55 Issue 11, p3019 

    Sea water reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination constitutes a successful technology for covering local fresh water supply shortage in many areas of the world and especially in isolated areas such as islands and coastal regions. SWRO units can be combined with renewable energy (RE) technologies...

  • Modeling an innovative low-temperature desalination system with integrated cogeneration in a concentrating solar power plant. Wellmann, Johannes; Neuhäuser, Karl; Behrendt, Frank; Lehmann, Mark // Desalination & Water Treatment;Sep2015, Vol. 55 Issue 11, p3163 

    The thermal desalination systems like multi-effect distillation and multi-stage flush have gone through a strong development process to increase energy efficiency and to improve energy recovery. While these improvements have led to lowered energy consumption, different concepts could be...

  • Mind your language when you're talking about renewables. Parlour, Steve // Engineering & Technology (17509637);Dec2016, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p23 

    The author discusses the need to simplify the discussion on renewable energy policy in Great Britain. The author mentions the key factors being considered in forming a policy on renewable energy which include the maximum capacity of a solar farm, the position of the Sun, and measurement of...

  • Moving to address rising demand. RATCLIFFE, VERITY // MEED: Middle East Economic Digest;11/4/2011, Vol. 55 Issue 44, Special section p10 

    The article reports on United Arab Emirates (UAE) exploring alternative power sources as the nation is facing a gas shortage. Abu Dhabi has managed to supply power and water as well as export to other emirates to date. However, it has been estimated by Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Co. (Adwec)...

  • Laboratory setup for water purification using household PV-driven reverse osmosis unit. Qiblawey, Hazim; Banat, Fawzi; Al-Nasser, Qais // Desalination & Water Treatment;Jul2009, Vol. 7 Issue 1-3, p53 

    Water treatment using renewable energies as a power source is still not common due to the high initial investment cost. The possibility of using photovoltaics (PV) as a power source to run a household RO unit has been investigated. Experiments on the laboratory household unit were performed...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics