TITLE

How to Build a Fence

AUTHOR(S)
Makovsky, David
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Mar/Apr2004, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p50
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article focuses on the idea of a fence separating Israelis and Palestinians. The idea is, on one level, an admission of failure. Yet it is also realistic, with little trust between the two sides and a history of bitterness and bloodshed, a negotiated partition is out of reach. Israelis do not trust the Palestinian Authority to fulfill its security obligations and halt terrorist attacks. And Palestinians remain convinced that Israel will never voluntarily cede the Wet Bank and Gaza. A properly constructed fence could cut these problems and facilitate a final agreement. A poorly constructed barrier, however, would impede such an end. The U.S. should therefore back a version of the fence that boosts Israeli security without unduly hurting the Palestinians or foreclosing a return to diplomacy. A properly constructed fence could achieve multiple objectives such as reduction in violence by limiting the infiltration of suicide bombers into Israel. In evaluating proposed paths for the fence, the U.S. should be guided by issues of security, demography and the minimization of hardship on all sides. From Israel's perspective, there are two main reasons to build the fence, to reduce terrorism and to find a way out of the settlement morass that lets Israel keep a Jewish majority within its borders.
ACCESSION #
12363800

 

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