Strengths and Difficulties as Correlates of Attachment Style in Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Children with Below-Average Intellectual Abilities

Muris, Peter; Maas, Anneke
June 2004
Child Psychiatry & Human Development;Summer2004, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p317
Academic Journal
The current study examined attachment style, strengths, and difficulties in institutionalized and non-institutionalized children with below-average intellectual abilities. Parents/caregivers and teachers of the children completed a brief measure of attachment style and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, which assesses the most important domains of child psychopathology (i.e., emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention, and peer problems) as well as personal strengths (i.e., prosocial behavior). Results indicated that institutionalized children were more frequently insecurely attached and generally displayed higher levels of difficulties and lower levels of strengths than non-institutionalized children. Furthermore, within both groups of children, insecure attachment status was linked to higher levels of difficulties but lower levels of strengths.


Related Articles

  • PARADIGMATIC MADNESS IN THE PUBLIC REPRESENTATION OF CHILDHOOD. Jackson, Ian // Australian Journal of Social Issues (Australian Council of Socia;Aug97, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p257 

    Western images of the child draw on a secure thematic tradition which may be interpreted in terms of an equation that locates childhood on one side and diverse forms of madness on the other. Explicitly within Freud's psychoanalytic theory of id functioning, Piaget's epigenetic studies of...

  • Evaluating the effectiveness of interventions in child psychiatry. Fonagy, Peter; Fonagy, P // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Aug1997 Supplement, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p584 

    Objective: To review the nature of outcome measures used to evaluate psychosocial treatment in children.Method: Recent research findings that highlight the importance of outcome data and justify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are reviewed.Results:...

  • Implications of genetic research for child psychiatry. Rutter, Michael; Rutter, M // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Aug1997 Supplement, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p569 

    Objective: To review implications of genetic research in child psychiatry.Method: Key advances in quantitative and molecular genetics are noted and findings are summarized with respect to autism, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant and conduct...

  • Aspects of Perinatal Psychiatric Illness. Pritchard, Dewi B.; Harris, Brian // British Journal of Psychiatry;Nov96, Vol. 169, p555 

    Background. In view of the current changes in the National Health Service, it was considered an opportune time to review the literature on perinatal psychiatric illness. Method. A systematic review was undertaken of relevant articles on MEDLINE, ClinPsych and Excerpta Medica Psychiatry. Results....

  • Engaging Families into Child Mental Health Treatment: Updates and Special Considerations. Gopalan, Geetha; Goldstein, Leah; Klingenstein, Kathryn; Sicher, Carolyn; Blake, Clair; McKay, Mary M. // Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;2010, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p182 

    Objective: The current paper reviews recent findings regarding how to conceptualize engagement and factors influencing engagement, treatment attendance rates, and interventions that work. Method: Research related to the definition of engagement, predictors of engagement and treatment...

  • Child and family factors associated with referral to child psychiatrists. Garralda, M. E.; Bailey, D. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul88, Vol. 153, p81 

    We compared children aged 7-12 years referred to child psychiatrists by general practitioners (GPs) with community control children matched for the presence of psychiatric disorder. Referral status in psychiatrically disturbed children was linked to male sex, severity of the disorder, mental...

  • Neonatal Seizures: Treatment and Treatment Variability in 31 United States Pediatric Hospitals. Blume, Heidi K.; Garrison, Michelle M.; Christakis, Dimitri A. // Journal of Child Neurology;Feb2009, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p148 

    Neonatal seizures are one of the most common neurological disorders in infants. However, the optimal treatment strategy for neonatal seizures remains controversial and there is little data regarding current treatment of neonatal seizures. In this study we describe the current treatment of...

  • Timing of initial exposure to maternal major depression and children's mental health symptoms in kindergarten. Essex, Marilyn J.; Klein, Marjorie H.; Miech, Richard; Smider, Nancy A.; Essex, M J; Klein, M H; Miech, R; Smider, N A // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug2001, Vol. 179, p151 

    Background: Little is known about the influence on child mental health symptoms of the timing of initial exposure to maternal major depression or whether the timing is associated with 'pure' or co-occurring internalising and externalising symptoms.Aims: To address these...

  • Pre-pubertal depressive stupor: a case report. Powell, J. C.; Silveira, W. R.; Lindsay, R. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Nov88, Vol. 153, p689 

    A case of childhood affective disorder with episodes of depressive stupor in a 13-year-old pre-pubertal boy is described. Changes in the patient's clinical state were accompanied by changes in the dexamethasone suppression test. A family history of affective illness on the maternal side, with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics