The Search for Common Ground: Part II. Nonlinguistic Performance by Linguistically Diverse Learners

Kohnert, Kathryn; Windsor, Jennifer
August 2004
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2004, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p891
Academic Journal
Below-average performance on some nonlinguistic tasks often is considered a potential correlate of primary language impairment (LI). If nonlinguistic cognitive processing truly is deficient in children with LI, then measures may be identified that distinguish language learners at risk for LI that are independent of the number and type of languages learned. This study focuses on within- and across-task performance on 4 basic nonlinguistic processing tasks. The aim was to systematically investigate areas of potential overlap and divergence among 3 groups of linguistically diverse children: English-only speakers with LI, typically developing English-only speakers (EO), and typically developing bilingual Spanish-English speakers (BI). The performance of the 100 8-13-year-old children who took part in J. Windsor and K. Kohnert's (2004) study was analyzed. Experimental tasks were simple and choice versions of auditory- and visual-detection tasks. Each task included 4 levels of motor difficulty: responding with the preferred and nonpreferred hand and foot. Analyses revealed no significant differences among groups in simple auditory detection. The EO group was significantly faster than the LI group in each of the other 3 tasks. While the same pattern was evident for the BI group, the difference was significant only in choice visual detection. Overall patterns of response latency within and across tasks were qualitatively similar across the 3 groups. Development, indexed here by chronological age, played a significant role in predicting response latencies for children in all 3 groups.


Related Articles

  • Infants, Words, and Income. Carey, Bjorn // Language Magazine;Nov2013, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p19 

    The article reports on a Stanford University research published in the journal "Developmetnal Science" showing that two-year-old children of lower-income families may already be six months behind in language development. The study identifies an achievement gap in language-processing skill at...

  • MLU AND IPSYN MEASURING ABSOLUTE COMPLEXITY. Nieminen, Lea // Eesti Rakenduslingvistika Ãœhingu Aastaraamat;2009, Vol. 5, p173 

    This article compares the results of Mean Length of Utterance (MLU) and Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn) with the structural complexity of spontaneous utterances produced by 30-month-old Finnish children in a semi-structured playing situation. The comparison was carried out in order to...

  • Bilingualism matters: One size does not fit all. Gathercole, Virginia C. Mueller // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Jul2014, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p359 

    The articles in this special issue provide a complex picture of acquisition in bilinguals in which the factors that contribute to patterns of performance in bilingual children’s two languages are myriad and diverse. The processes and contours of development in bilingual children are...

  • Synthesis of papers on language development and reading. Athey, Irene J. // Reading Research Quarterly;Fall1971, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p9 

    The article focuses on the representation of the diversity of orientation of three papers on language development and reading. The primary objective was to identify major models of language, to disclose their inherent assumptions and to review the pertinent literature to determine the extent to...

  • Laureate's Sterling Editions Language Starter Package: Theory and Research Bases. Wilson, Mary Sweig; Fox, Bernard J.; Pascoe, Jeffrey P. // ConnSENSE Bulletin;Oct2004, p5 

    This article focuses on the Laureate's Sterling Editions Language Starter Package. Over the past twenty years, as the knowledge of language grew so did the understanding of how very small children manage to master the intricacies of language. The increased understanding of how typically...

  • L’acquisition des déterminants nominaux en français et en allemand: Une perspective interlangue sur la grammaticalisation des noms. Bassano, Dominique; Korecky-Kröll, Katharina; Maillochon, Isabelle; Dressler, Wolfgang U. // Language, Interaction & Acquisition;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p37 

    No abstract available.

  • A Needle's-eye View of Language Disturbance. Bloomer, H. Harlan // Education;Mar1959, Vol. 79 Issue 7, p395 

    The article talks about language disturbance. The origins of language retardation in children come from at least three sources such as physical, environmental and personality maladjustments. Among these general areas of causation a few relatively specific factors can be identified as...

  • The Language Acquisition Device. Bachus, Larry; Mojica-Díaz, Clara // Language Magazine;Jun2005, Vol. 4 Issue 10, p28 

    Focuses on the language acquisition device and the necessity of making the most the children's natural ability to learn languages. Notions of the language acquisition device as proposed by Noam Choamsky; Language learning in child development; Attribution of the origin of languages to baby talk;...

  • "Baby Doc" Eden Explains. Eden, Alvin N. // Pediatrics for Parents;Sep/Oct2009, Vol. 25 Issue 9/10, p17 

    The article presents the author's perspectives on the aspects of language development among babies. It highlights concerns of parents on the issues of baby's language acquisition delay, citing the tendency of other babies to acquire language at an early age. It also discusses the different types...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics