THE REALITIES IN AFRICA European Profit or Negro Development?

Du Bois, W. E. Burghardt
July 1943
Foreign Affairs;Jul1943, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p721
The article discusses international relations between Africa and the European countries. The primary reality of imperialism in Africa today is economic. Since 1884 there has been invested in that continent a sum larger than the total gold reserve of the British Empire and France in 1939. The two facts to be kept in mind while discussing the future of Africa are--that in the nineteenth century the African trade in men changed to a trade in raw materials--and that thenceforth the political domination which insured monopoly of raw materials to the various contending empires was predicated on the exploitation of African labor inside the continent. For the postwar planning for Africa, looking toward the achievement of the world peace, it is necessary to renounce the assumption that there are a few large groups of mankind called races, with hereditary differences shown by color, hair and measurements of the bony skeleton which fix forever their relations to each other and indicate the possibilities of their individual members. There is no proof that persons and groups in Africa are not as capable of useful lives and effective progress as peoples in Europe and the United States.


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