Effects of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion on mitochondrial function and susceptibility to oxidative stress

Venditti, P.; Masullo, P.; Di Meo, S.
September 2001
Cellular & Molecular Life Sciences;Sep2001, Vol. 58 Issue 10, p1528
Academic Journal
We investigated the effects of ischemia duration on the functional response of mitochondria to reperfusion and its relationship with changes in mitochondrial susceptibility to oxidative stress. Mitochondria were isolated from hearts perfused by the Langendorff technique immediately after different periods of global ischemia or reperfusion following such ischemia periods. Rates of O2 consumption and H2O2 release with complex I- and complex II-linked substrates, lipid peroxidation, overall antioxidant capacity, capacity to remove H2O2, and susceptibility to oxidative stress were determined. The effects of ischemia on some parameters were time dependent so that the changes were greater after 45 than after 20 min of ischemia, or were significantly different to the nonischemic control only after 45 min of ischemia. Thus, succinate-supported state 3 respiration exhibited a significant decrease after 20 min of ischemia and a greater decrease after 45 min, while pyruvate malate-supported respiration showed a significant decrease only after 45 min of ischemia, indicating an ischemia-induced early inhibition of complex II and a late inhibition of complex I. Furthermore, both succinate and pyruvate malate-supported H2O2 release showed significant increases only after 45 min of ischemia. Similarly, whole antioxidant capacity significantly increased and susceptibility to oxidants significantly decreased after 45 min of ischemia. Such changes were likely due to the accumulation of reducing equivalents, which are able to remove peroxides and maintain thiols in a reduced state. This condition, which protects mitochondria against oxidants, increases mitochondrial production of oxyradicals and oxidative damage during reperfusion. This could explain the smaller functional recovery of the tissue and the further decline of the mitochondrial function after reperfusion following the longer period of oxygen deprivation.


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