TITLE

Longitudinal changes in body weight and body composition among women previously treated for breast cancer consuming a high-vegetable, fruit and fiber, low-fat diet

AUTHOR(S)
Thomson, Cynthia A.; Rock, Cheryl L.; Giuliano, Anna R.; Newton, Tara R.; Cui, Haiyan; Reid, Phyllis M.; Green, Tina L.; Alberts, David S.
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
European Journal of Nutrition;Jan2005, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p18
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background Excess adiposity has been shown to be associated with increased risk for breast cancer recurrence, and a plant-based eating pattern has been hypothesized to be protective. Whether a plant-based diet without specific energy goals will result in weight loss or changes in body composition in women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer has not been fully explored. Aim of the study This study was conducted to identify changes in body weight, anthropometric measures, and body composition over a four year period in a sub-sample of breast cancer survivors participating in a dietary intervention targeting increased intake of vegetables, fruit and fiber and decreased dietary fat intake. Methods This randomized, controlled dietary intervention study compared longitudinal changes in intakes, body weight, waist:hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI) and body composition by treatment group among fifty- two women previously treated for Stage I, II, or lIlA breast cancer from the Arizona site of the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study. The dietary intervention aimed for eight servings of fruit and vegetables, 30 g fiber, ≤ 20 % total energy from fat per day, as well as daily intake of vegetable juice. The comparison group was advised to follow general dietary guidelines for cancer prevention. Results The dietary intervention resulted in a significant and sustained increase in fiber, fruit, vegetable, and vegetable juice consumption (p < 0.05) among intervention group subjects as compared to comparison group subjects. The first 6 months resulted in a reduction in body weight and body fat among the intervention group subjects while the comparison group subjects remained stable. Subsequent measurements, at 12,24 or 36, and 48 months, showed no significant differences in mean body weight, BMI, WHR, or body composition by study group. Also, no significant changes in these measures were demonstrated for either study group between baseline and 48 months. Conclusions The dietary intervention efforts resulted in significant changes in diet toward an increase in plant foods and a decrease in dietary fat. Changes in weight, WHR, BMI, and body composition were not different over time or by study group assignment. Interventions that promote a plant- based diet without specific energy restriction do not appear to promote changes in body weight or body composition in women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer. To adequately examine the role of energy restriction in reducing obesity-associated breast cancer recurrence, future interventions should include prescribed energy imbalance either through reduced intake and/or increased expenditure.
ACCESSION #
15909458

 

Related Articles

  • Inflammatory mediators in overweight and obese Spanish adolescents. The AVENA Study. Wärnberg, J.; Moreno, L. A.; Mesana, M. I.; Marcos, A. // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Nov2004 Supplement, Vol. 28, pS59 

    OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to clarify if there is an association between overweight and a state of chronic, low-grade inflammation in adolescents. DESIGN:: The study is a part of the cross-sectional multicenter study AVENA, designed to evaluate the nutritional status of a...

  • Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em homens adultos segundo dois critérios de diagnóstico antropométrico. Filardo, Ronaldo Domingues; Petroski, Edio Luiz // Motricidade;2007, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p46 

    To determine and compare overweight and obesity by two anthropometric criteria, BMI and %Fat, of adults aged 20 to 40 years old. Data were collected from 400 subjects enrolled on distinct exercise training programs in Curitiba, Paraná. Subjects were organized in 4 age groups from age 20 to 40...

  • Validity of self-reported height and weight for estimating prevalence of overweight among Estonian adolescents: the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Aasvee, Katrin; Rasmussen, Mette; Kelly, Colette; Kurvinen, Elvira; Giacchi, Mariano Vincenzo; Ahluwalia, Namanjeet // BMC Research Notes;10/26/2015, Vol. 8, p1 

    Background: Low to moderate agreement between self-reported and directly measured anthropometry is shown in studies for adults and children. However, this issue needs further evaluation during puberty, a period marked by several transitions. We examined the correspondence of BMI status based on...

  • Body composition in the SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) reference study. Larsson, I.; Bertéus Forslund, H.; Lindroos, A. K.; Lissner, L.; Näslund, I.; Peltonen, M.; Sjöström, L. // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Oct2004, Vol. 28 Issue 10, p1317 

    OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to establish population-based, sex- and age-specific reference data with respect to body composition variables. Secondary objectives were to relate body mass index (BMI) to anthropometric measurements reflecting central adiposity and to body fat (BE). Another...

  • The need of a weight management control program in judo: a proposal based on the successful case of wrestling. Artioli, Guilherme G.; Franchini, Emerson; Nicastro, Humberto; Sterkowicz, Stanislaw; Solis, Marina Y.; Lancha, Antonio H. // Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition;2010, Vol. 7, p15 

    Judo competitions are divided into weight classes. However, most athletes reduce their body weight in a few days before competition in order to obtain a competitive advantage over lighter opponents. To achieve fast weight reduction, athletes use a number of aggressive nutritional strategies so...

  • Comparison of anthropometry to DXA: a new prediction equation for men. Ball, S. D.; Altena, T. S.; Swan, P. D. // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Nov2004, Vol. 58 Issue 11, p1525 

    OBJECTIVE:: This study compared three professionally recommended anthropometric body composition prediction equations for men to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and then developed an updated equation, DXA Criterion (DC) from DXA. DESIGN:: Cross-sectional. SETTING:: Exercise Physiology...

  • USING THE HEIGHT-WEIGHT CLASSIFICATION MODEL FOR THE SYSTEMATIZATION OF THE ANTHROPOMETRICAL VARIABLES OF THE BODY COMPOSITION IN LATVIAN WOMEN. Kažoka, Dzintra; Vētra, Jānis // Papers on Anthropology;2009, Vol. 18, p188 

    A study of 349 women aged 18-20 years from Latvia was performed. Body height and weight, 4 measurements of length, 3 measurements of breadth, 4 circumferences and 4 skinfolds were measured, and 8 indices were calculated. The subjects were divided into five standard deviation classes according to...

  • Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, and the Risk of Decline in Overall Health and Physical Functioning in Late Middle Age. He, Xiaoxing Z.; Baker, David W. // American Journal of Public Health;Sep2004, Vol. 94 Issue 9, p1567 

    Objectives. We examined the relation between body mass index, exercise, overall health, and physical functioning. Methods. We studied 7867 adults aged 51 to 61 years in 1992 to 1996. Adjusted relative risks for health decline and new physical difficulties were determined with logistic...

  • Ask Karen. Inge, Karen // Australian Women's Weekly;Jun2005, Vol. 75 Issue 6, p129 

    Presents approaches that parents can use in assessing if their child is overweight. Ways to determine the child's body size using the Body Mass Index; Weight range of a healthy adult.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics