TITLE

Sensitivity of chronically HIV-1 infected HeLa cells to electrical stimulation

AUTHOR(S)
Kumagai, E.; Tominaga, M.; Harada, S.
PUB. DATE
February 2004
SOURCE
Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology;Feb2004, Vol. 63 Issue 6, p754
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Use of combination anti-retroviral drug regimens including protease inhibitors dramatically decreased morbidity and mortality rates in HIV-1 infected individuals. However, such combination therapies appear to have many side effects, in addition to the emergence of resistant HIV-1 strains. Therefore, in this study we sought to elucidate novel therapeutic principles against HIV-1 infection. We examined the effects of electrical stimulation on both chronically HIV-1LAI infected HeLa cells (P6 HeLa/HIV-1LAI) and uninfected cells (P6 HeLa). Cells were cultured on an optically transparent electrode and application of potential at 1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl was performed over time periods ranging from 10 min to 60 min. Both P6 HeLa/HIV-1LAI and P6 HeLa cells were progressively damaged as the duration of electrical stimulation increased. However, P6 HeLa/HIV-1LAl cells were much more influenced by electrical stimulation than P6 HeLa cells. The difference in damage rate was most obvious at 30 min of electrical stimulation, with damaged cells accounting for about 87% and 4% of P6 HeLa/HIV-1LAI and P6 HeLa cells, respectively. After the application of potential for 20 min, the proliferation of P6 HeLa/HIV-1LAI cells was markedly inhibited, while the P6 HeLa cells proliferated to an extent similar to that of uninfected cells without application of potential. These results indicate that sensitivity to electrical stimulation is much higher in chronically HIV-1 infected cells than in uninfected cells. This could be considered as a useful new approach against HIV-1 infection.
ACCESSION #
16694911

 

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