Improved survival in HIV-infected African-Americans with ESRD

Macrae, J.; Friedman, A. L.; Eggers, P.; Friedman, E. A.
August 2005
Clinical Nephrology;2005, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p124
Academic Journal
Aims To determine if there has been improvement in survival of HIV-infected patients with end-stage renal failure sub sequent to widespread use of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Methods: The United States Renal Data System is a national data system funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. Using the United States Renal Data System Standard Analysis Files, we analyzed all African-American end-stage renal failure patients in the United States from 1990 - 2001. We compared survival rates for patients with HIV disease, sickle cell anemia, diabetes, and all other diagnoses for the time periods 1990- 1994 and 1995-2001. The main outcome measure was one- and five-year survival in each cohort. Results: One-year survival of African-American patients with end-stage renal disease and HIV increased from 46.6% during 1990 - 1994 to 65.1% during 1995 - 2001 (odds ratio 2.139). One-year survival decreased in the sickle cell group (odds ratio 0.5 95) and decreased slightly in the diabetic group (odds ratio 0.927) and all others (odds ratio 0.94 1). Five-year survival in the HIV group increased from 13.3% in 1990 - 1995 to 30.4% in 1995 - 2001 (odds ratio 2.847). There was no corresponding increase in survival for the sickle cell group (odds ratio 0.987), the diabetic group (odds ratio 1.06), or all others (odds ratio 1.137). Conclusions: We conclude that survival in African-American end-stage renal disease patients and HIV infection has substantially improved subsequent to introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Our data support aggressive multi-drug treatment of end-stage renal failure patients with HIV infection.


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