Autonomy- vs. connectedness-oriented parenting behaviours in Chinese and Canadian mothers

Mowei Liu; Xinyin Chen; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Shujie Zheng; Liying Cui; Li, Dan; Huichang Chen; Li Wang
November 2005
International Journal of Behavioral Development;Nov2005, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p489
Academic Journal
The purpose of the study was to investigate maternal socialization goal-oriented behaviours in Chinese and Canadian mothers. Participants were samples of children at 2 years of age and their mothers in P.R. China and Canada. Data on child autonomy and connectedness and maternal encouragement of autonomy and connectedness were collected from observations of mother-child interactions in a laboratory situation. Cross-cultural similarities as well as differences were found in the study. Chinese mothers had higher scores on overall involvement than Canadian mothers during mother-child interaction. When overall involvement was controlled, Chinese mothers had higher scores than Canadian mothers on encouragement of connectedness. In contrast, Canadian mothers had higher scores than Chinese mothers on encouragement of autonomy. The results suggest that culturally general and specific socialization goals and values are reflected in maternal parenting behaviours.


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