Creative Thinking and Problem Solving

Guilford, J. P.
April 1964
Education Digest;Apr1964, Vol. 29 Issue 8, p29
The article discusses the subject of productive thinking in the U.S. education system. Creative potential is a collection of abilities and traits that contribute toward successful creative thinking. Creative thinking is distinguished by the presence of something novel, that is, to the thinking individual. Common use of creativity means creative production. To the psychologist, there can be creative thinking even when there is no tangible product. Productive thinking plays some role, even in the process of gaining understanding or cognition. A cognitive ability is an ability to know, to recognize, or to discover a kind of information, where the kind of information is specified by its kind of content and its kind of product. Motivating influences are behind all problem solving, as they are behind all behavior. The most obvious aspects of creative thinking appear to depend on the ability to do divergent-productive thinking and to effect transfer of information. Fluency, flexibility, elaboration, and redefinitions are factors playing significant roles in creative thinking and in the larger context of problem solving.


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