Parameters predicting the implantation rate of thawed IVF/ICSI embryos: a retrospective study

Gabrielsen, A.; Fedder, J.; Agerholm, I.
January 2006
Reproductive BioMedicine Online (Reproductive Healthcare Limited;Jan2006, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p70
Academic Journal
Single embryo transfer is becoming increasingly popular in IVF/ICSI. More IVF/ICSI cycles therefore include freezing of high quality embryos, and the cumulative effect of such cycles becomes more important. To improve the results obtained using frozen thawed embryos, the predictive value of embryo and patient characteristics was analysed retrospectively. Excess embryos were frozen on day 2 according to routine procedures and thawed 24 h before transfer. The women were either treated with oestradiol/progesterone, or the transfer took place after a natural cycle. Of 1777 embryos thawed, 1360 survived (survival rate 76.5%). In the 410 transfer cycles, 819 embryos were transferred, giving 109 positive serum HCG tests and 69 clinical pregnancies. The implantation rate was 10.4%. Five parameters were positively related to implantation: (i) four or more cells at the freezing time (day 2): (ii) resumption of mitosis after thawing; (iii) more than six cells at transfer (day 3); (iv) assisted hatching and (v) child in a previous fresh cycle. The relative predictive value of these parameters may be a guideline for the selection of embryos used for transfer. Assisted hatching may become routine in freeze-thaw cycles if its utility is confirmed in subsequent studies.


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