Utility of indices of gun availability in the community

Shenassa, Edmond D.; Doskalakis, Constantine; Buka, Stephen L.
January 2006
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jan2006, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p44
Academic Journal
Objective: To estimate the degree to which the proportion of homicides and suicides committed with a gun is associated with reported availability of firearms across Chicago neighbourhoods. Methods: Data were collected as part of the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), a combined neighbourhood and individual level study of the city of Chicago. The study used data from 837 PHDCN participants between the ages of 17 and 22, residing in 170 different neighbourhoods. Gun availability was measured via participant reports on whether they had carried a gun and whether they perceived gun access to be easy in their community. Data on suicides and homicides were obtained from the Chicago Department of Health. Results: A 10% change in the proportion of homicides committed by a gun in a neighbourhood was associated with a 20% increase in both the odds of reported gun access and reported gun carrying (p = 0.002 and 0.048, respectively). The proportion of firearm related suicides was not associated with either of those self reported measures. Conclusions: The proportion of firearm related homicides, but not the proportion of firearm related suicides, is a useful predictor of gun availability across small areas such as neighbourhoods.


Related Articles

  • Death rate from firearms rises.  // Cortlandt Forum;02/25/99, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p19 

    Informs on the rise in the rate of death by firearms in the United States from 1968 to 1994. Accidental deaths; Homicides; Suicides.

  • GUN CONTROL LAW (BILL C-17), SUICIDE, AND HOMICIDE IN CANADA. Bridges, F. Stephen // Psychological Reports;Jun2004 Part 1, Vol. 94 Issue 3, p819 

    Canadian Bill C-17 was implemented in 1991 to restrict the use of firearms, providing a chance to investigate the effect of firearm control laws in the use of firearms for suicide and homicide. Following Lester and Leenaars' comprehensive studies, the present study examined the use of firearms...

  • Firearm fatalities in Western Sydney 1994–2003. Amanda Jeffery; Bogdan Hulewicz; Neil Langlois; Dianne Little; Peter Ellis // Forensic Science, Medicine & Pathology;Dec2007, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p252 

    Abstract  This study reviews firearm-related deaths (homicidal, suicidal and accidental) from 1994 to 2003 in the Western Sidney area, Australia, serviced by the Westmead Department of Forensic Medicine, in order to document the features of the cases and to assess the effect of...

  • Epidemiology of gunshot bodies referred for forensic medicine in Tehran. Ghorbani, Mazaher; Molanaei, Amir; Amini, Sheis; Ameri, Maryam // Tehran University Medical Journal;Jun2014, Vol. 72 Issue 3, p181 

    Background: The rate of using firearm in criminal acts, even in countries with strict legal controls on these weapons is increasing. The most common methods of homicides and suicides are using firearm in United States. In this study we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of gunshot bodies...

  • The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members. Anglemyer, Andrew; Horvath, Tara; Rutherford, George // Annals of Internal Medicine;1/21/2014, Vol. 160 Issue 2, p101 

    Background: Research suggests that access to firearms in the home increases the risk for violent death. Purpose: To understand current estimates of the association between firearm availability and suicide or homicide. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled...

  • Reducing firearm violence: a research agenda. Weiner, Janet; Wiebe, Douglas J.; Richmond, Therese S.; Beam, Kristen; Berman, Alan L.; Branas, Charles C.; Cheney, Rose A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; Firman, John; Fishbein, Martin; Hargarten, Stephen; Hemenway, David; Jeffcoat, Robert; Kennedy, David; Koper, Christopher S.; Lemaire, Jean; Miller, Matthew; Roth, Jeffrey A.; Schwab, C. William; Spitzer, Robert // Injury Prevention (1353-8047);Apr2007, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p80 

    In the United States, firearms are involved in tens of thousands of deaths and injuries each year. The magnitude of this problem prompted the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to issue a report in 2004 detailing the strengths and limitations of existing research on the relationship between...

  • Association of temporal factors and suicides in the United States, 2000–2004. Kposowa, Augustine J.; D'Auria, Stephanie // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Apr2010, Vol. 45 Issue 4, p433 

    The purpose of the study was to examine the association of temporal factors, in particular days of the week and seasons of the year and death from suicide in the United States. Data were pooled from the Multiple Cause of Death Files. Hierarchical logistic regression models were fitted to all...

  • Two monks commit suicides,one beaten to death by troops in Ngaba County.  // Tibetan Review: The Monthly Magazine on all Aspects of Tibet;May2008, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p8 

    The article focuses on the report made by the Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD) regarding the two monks that committed suicide in Tibet, China. On March 27, 2008, a monk at Lobsang Jinpa of Ngaba Kirti Monastery has left a note saying that he could not stand the ongoing Chinese oppression. The...

  • HOMICIDIO SEGUIDO DE SUICIDIO. Dubugras Sá, Samantha; Guevara Werlang, Blanca Susana // Universitas Psychologica;may-ago2007, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p231 

    Homicide followed by suicide (H/S) is a complex and poorly studied phenomenon. This research aims at identifying H/S cases occurred in Porto Alegre from 1996 throughout 2004. Information on H/S was extracted from newspapers, police reports and interviews with the informants. From the 14...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics