Knowledge, perceived risk of AIDS and sexual behavior among primary school children in two areas of Tanzania

Ndeki, S. S.; Klepp, K. I.; Mliga, G. R. Z.
March 1994
Health Education Research;Mar1994, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p133
Academic Journal
The article assesses the levels of AIDS knowledge, perceived risk of AIDS, attitudes towards sex and self-reported sexual behavior in primary school children in Tanzania. Students attending fifth, sixth or seventh grade in six, randomly selected primary schools in Poli division were invited to participate in a survey. In Kagera, three schools in Bukoba urban were randomly selected, while in Bukoba rural, four primary schools were conveniently selected due to their easy accessibility. The survey was conducted anonymously and participation was voluntary. The questionnaire consisted of closed questions and students were asked whether they had ever heard of the disease AIDS, whether they had ever seen an AIDS patient, and whether they had received any training regarding AIDS during the past 12 months. They were even asked whether or not they believed that family life or sex education in school could help primary school students to avoid unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Students in Bukoba clearly had more knowledge of AIDS than did students in Poli. They had personally experienced AIDS as they had more often seen AIDS patients and they had more often received AIDS education than had students in Poll.


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