TITLE

HIV prevalence and trends from data in Zimbabwe, 1997 – 2004

AUTHOR(S)
Mahomva, A.; Greby, S.; Dube, S.; Mugurungi, O.; Hargrove, J.; Rosen, D.; Dehne, K.-L.; Gregson, S.; St Louis, M.; Hader, S.
PUB. DATE
April 2006
SOURCE
Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi42
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: This paper brings together data from a variety of reports to provide a basis for assessing future steps for responding to and monitoring the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe. Method: Data reported from four antenatal clinic (ANC) surveys conducted between 2000 and 2004, two small local studies in Zimbabwe conducted from 1997 through 2003, four general population surveys from 1999 through 2003, and service statistics covering 1990 through 2004 were used to describe recent trends in HIY prevalence and incidence, behaviour change, and programme provision. Results: HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending ANCs declined substantially from 32.1% in 2000 to 23.9% in 2004. The local studies confirmed the decline in prevalence. However, prevalence continued to be high. Sexual behaviour data from surveys suggests a reduction in sexual experience before age 15 years among both mates and females age 15–19 years, and in the proportions of males and females aged 15–29 years reporting non-regular sexual partners in the post 12 months. Reported condom use with non-regular partners has been high since 1999. Condom distribution and HIV counseling and testing increased from 2000 to 2004. Discussion: On the basis of examination of data from a variety of sources, the recent decrease in HIY prevalence may be related to recent reductions in early-age sexual activity and non-regular sexual partnerships and increases in condom use. Comparison of data from sentinel surveillance systems, population based serosurveys, local studies, and service statistics provide increased confidence that a decline in HIV prevalence in Zimbabwe is actually happening in the population.
ACCESSION #
20617124

 

Related Articles

  • Mistrust in marriage-Reasons why men do not accept couple HIV testing during antenatal care- a qualitative study in eastern Uganda. Larsson, Elin C.; Thorson, Anna; Nsabagasani, Xavier; Namusoko, Sarah; Popenoe, Rebecca; Ekström, Anna Mia // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p769 

    Background: A policy for couple HIV counseling and testing was introduced in 2006 in Uganda, urging pregnant women and their spouses to be HIV tested together during antenatal care (ANC). The policy aims to identify HIVinfected pregnant women to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV...

  • HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: where is the epidemic heading? Hladik, W.; Shabbir, I.; Jelaludin, A.; Woldu, A.; Tsehaynesh, M.; Tadesse, W. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi32 

    Objectives: A possible decline in prevalence of HIV in some sub-Saharan African countries has been reported recently. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and incidence of HIV and behavioural data to investigate trends in HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Methods: A review was conducted of...

  • Trends in antenatal HIV prevalence in urban Uganda associated with uptake of preventive sexual behaviour. Kirungi, W. L.; Musinguzi, J.; Madraa, E.; Mulumba, N.; Callejja, T.; Ghys, P.; Bessinger, R. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi36 

    Background: Epidemiological surveillance in Uganda has consistently shown declining HIV prevalence particularly among young antenatal women since the early 1990s, correlated with increased uptake of protective sexual behaviour. Objective: To describe trends in sexual behaviour nationwide and...

  • Towards an understanding of barriers to condom use in rural Benin using the Health Belief Model: A cross sectional survey. Hounton, Sennen H.; Carabin, Hélène; Henderson, Neil J. // BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p8 

    Background: HIV/AIDS is the most dramatic epidemic of the century that has claimed over two decade more than 3 million deaths. Sub Saharan Africa is heavily affected and accounts for nearly 70% of all cases. Despite awareness campaigns, prevention measures and more recently promotion of anti...

  • Does uptake of antenatal HIV testing depend on the individual midwife? Cross sectional study. Jones, Simon; Sadler, Tonya; Low, Nicola; Blott, Maggie; Welch, Jan // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);01/24/98, Vol. 316 Issue 7127, p272 

    Examines the effect of midvives' characteristics and site and duration of antenal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection testing in an area of high seroprevalence. Identification of the area; Subjects used in the study; Methodology; Circumstances under which HIV testing was twice as...

  • Evidence for population level declines in adult HIV prevalence in Kenya. Cheluget, B.; Baltazar, G.; Orege, P.; Ibrahim, M.; Marum, L. H.; Stover, J. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi21 

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Kenya has been tracked through annual sentinel surveillance in antenatal clinics since 1990. The system started with 13 sites and now has over 35. Behaviours have been measured through national Demographic and Health Surveys in 1993, 1998, and 2003. The surveillance data...

  • Current trends in Rwanda's HIV/AIDS epidemic. Kayirangwa, E.; Hanson, J.; Munyakazi, L.; Kabeja, A. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi27 

    Objective: To review the trajectory of Rwanda's HIV epidemic, including long term trends and more recent trends in HIV prevalence, markers of HIY incidence, and behavioural indicators. Methods: This paper reviews the history of HIV serological and behavioural surveillance efforts in Rwanda,...

  • Measuring trends in prevalence and incidence of HIV infection in countries with generalised epidemics. Ghys, P. D.; Kufa, E.; George, M. V. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Apr2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 82, pi52 

    Objective: Review of recent data and practice to derive guidance on questions relating to the measurement and analysis of trends in HIV prevalence and incidence. Results: HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) remains the principal data source to inform trends in...

  • Disclosure of HIV test results by women to their partners following antenatal HIV testing: a population-based cross-sectional survey among slum dwellers in Kampala Uganda. Batte, Anthony; Katahoire, Anne Ruhweza; Chimoyi, Anne; Ajambo, Susan; Tibingana, Brenda; Banura, Cecily // BMC Public Health;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Disclosure of HIV status by women to their partners is the backbone for prevention of HIV transmission among couples as well as promotion of the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors...

Share

Read the Article

Other Topics