Methane production from mixed tropical savanna and forest vegetation in Venezuela

Crutzen, P. J.; Sanhueza, E.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.
March 2006
Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p3093
Academic Journal
Measurements of methane concentrations in the boundary layer in the northern part of the Guayana shield, Venezuela, during the wet season (October 1988), showed the presence of substantial methane surface emissions. The measuring site is within the savanna climate region, but is affected by emissions from savanna and forest vegetation. From day versus night concentration measurements, with higher concentrations during night, a methane source strength near the site of 3-7x1011 molecules/cm²/s can be estimated, which includes emissions from small tracts of flooded soils, termites and especially tropical vegetation. Extrapolated to the entire savanna, this may imply methane source of ∼30-60 Tgyr-1 similar to the one calculated for tropical vegetation on the basis of recently published in vitro plant emission experiments by Keppler et al. (2006), which indicate emissions of ∼30 Tgyr-1 for tropical savannas and grasslands and ∼78 Tgyr-1for tropical forests.


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