Blowin' in the Wind

Wagner, Mark; Kopp, Kenneth; Kolasa, William E.
September 2001
UMAP Journal;Fall2001, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p311
Academic Journal
The article presents information on a mathematical model to determine the optimal evacuation plan for coastal South Carolina in the event of a large hurricane. Since traffic from each coastal population center interferes little with traffic flowing from other areas being evacuated, a staggered evacuation plan does not improve the evacuation time. More problems are caused by placing restrictions on the number and types of vehicles. The ability to evacuate all lives from the endangered areas to safe areas between announcement of mandatory evacuation and landfall of the hurricane is measured as the success of an evacuation plan. The model was implemented in a computer program written in C++ language. A simplified map that includes the interstates, other the 4-lane divided highways, and some 2-lane undivided roads were prepared to stimulate evacuation.


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