Changing Times: A Longitudinal Analysis of International Firearm Suicide Data

Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Gadola, Erika; Lauber, Christoph; Rössler, Wulf; Bopp, Matthias; Gutzwiller, Felix; Killias, Martin; Hepp, Urs; Schnyder, Ulrich
October 2006
American Journal of Public Health;Oct2006, Vol. 96 Issue 10, p1752
Academic Journal
We investigated changes in the proportion of firearm suicides in Western countries since the 1980s and the relation of these changes to the change in the proportion of households owning firearms. Several countries had an obvious decline in firearm suicides: Norway, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Multilevel modeling of longitudinal data confirmed the effect of the proportion of households owning firearms. Legislation and regulatory measures reducing the availability of firearms in private households can distinctly strengthen the prevention of firearm suicides. (Am J Public Health. 2006;96:1752-1755. doi:10. 2105/AJPH.2005.075812)


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