TITLE

Heterosexual men and women with HIV test positive at a later stage of infection than homo- or bisexual men

AUTHOR(S)
Manavi, K.; McMillan, A.; Ogilvie, M.; Scott, G.
PUB. DATE
December 2004
SOURCE
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Dec2004, Vol. 15 Issue 12, p811
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The current strategy of offering HIV testing to individuals with known risk has had no impact on the reduction in the number of patients diagnosed with immune suppression of infection. A prospective observational study to compare the baseline CD4+ T-cell counts in HIV-infected homosexual/bisexual men, intravenous drug users, heterosexual men and women diagnosed in GUM/RIDU and that of patients diagnosed during routine maternal screening for HIV between December 1999 and January 2003 was carried out at the Departments of Genitourinary Medicine (GUM), Regional Infectious Disease Unit (RIDU) and Obstetrics in Edinburgh. Late presentation was defined as positive HIV test with baseline CD4+ T-cell count of less than 200 cells/mL. During the study period, 189 patients tested in GUM/RIDU setting and 13 screened women were diagnosed with HIV infection. Thirty-four percent of the former and 38% of the latter group had CD4+ T-cell count of less than 200 cells/mL by the time of diagnosis. Heterosexual individuals contributed to 78% of HIV tests in the GUM/RIDU setting. Amongst the 78 HIV-infected heterosexual individuals diagnosed in GUM/RIDU 45% were late presenters. Significantly fewer homosexual men were late presenters. There was no difference between the proportion of late presenters amongst women screened at the antenatal (5/13) compared to heterosexual patients diagnosed in GUM/RIDU (35/78). A significant number of HIV infected heterosexual patients are late presenters in the HIV testing at GUM/RIDU. HIV screening programmes for heterosexual individuals in any medical encounter may reduce the number of late presenters.
ACCESSION #
23171806

 

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