Missed Opportunities for Earlier Diagnosis of HIV Infection--South Carolina, 1997-2005

Duffus, W.; Kettinger, L.; Stephens, T.; Gibson, J.; Weis, K.; Tyrell, M.; Patterson, D.; Finney, C.; Bailey, W. P.; Branson, B.; Gardner, L.; Kilmarx, P. H.
January 2007
JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;1/10/2007, Vol. 297 Issue 2, p149
Academic Journal
This article reports on new recommendations for HIV testing to increase early detection and improve access to HIV care and prevention services. The Center for Disease Control published a study on HIV testing and reporting in South Carolina. Their finding suggest that their policies were deficient in identifying HIV infection in its early stages. Not only does patient suffer from a late diagnosis, but it increases the likelihood of further transmission. This is true even though many of those infected had been in the medical system recently. The report concludes that South Carolina relied on a risk-based testing policy, which failed in identifying HIV cases and consequently recommends automatic screening of all patients.


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