TITLE

Reexamining Gender Differences in Same-Gender Friendships: A Close Look at Two Kinds of Data

AUTHOR(S)
Duck, Steve; Wright, Paul H.
PUB. DATE
June 1993
SOURCE
Sex Roles;Jun93, Vol. 28 Issue 11-12, p709
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present paper examines the widely accepted claim that women's and men's friendships can be characterized dichotomously as ‘expressive’ vs. ‘instrumental,’ or alternatively, as ‘communal’ vs. ‘agentic.’ After addressing questions about the empirical support for this claim, we present analyses based on two different kinds of data. Subjects providing these data were predominantly, although possibly not exclusively, Caucasian U.S. citizens. Study One analyzed the purposes of interaction endorsed by women and men in reports of actual meetings with same-sex friends. Women and men did not differ in the purposes reported, as both indicated meeting most often just to talk, less often to work on a task, and least often to deal with a relationship issue pertinent to the friendship. Study Two analyzed responses to a form assessing various aspects of the strength and quality of subjects' same-gender friendships. Although women and men differed on a number of variables, the differences did not form an expressive vs. instrumental dichotomy. We discuss an altered perspective on the differences and similarities in women's and men's friendships suggested by these results.
ACCESSION #
23826602

 

Related Articles

  • Gender Rules: Same- and Cross-Gender Friendships Norms. Felmlee, Diane; Sweet, Elizabeth; Sinclair, H. // Sex Roles;Apr2012, Vol. 66 Issue 7-8, p518 

    We examined the relationships between gender and attitudes towards same- and cross-gender friendship norms for a sample of 269 West Coast, U.S., college students. Participants evaluated violations of friendship norms described in vignettes in which the friend's gender was experimentally...

  • SEX DIFFERENCES AMONG FIVE SOURCES OF MOTIVATION IN THE MOTIVATION SOURCES INVENTORY: PRELIMINARY FINDINGS. Barbuto Jr., John E.; Fritz, Susan M.; Plummer, Brett A. // Psychological Reports;Aug2003, Vol. 93 Issue 1, p47 

    Reports on the sex differences among five sources of motivation for a sample of undergraduate students who completed the Motivation Sources Inventory. Use of the Instrumental Motivation; Average age of participants; Influence tactics used.

  • The Role of Masculine Gender Role Stress in Expressivity and Social Support Network Factors. Saurer, M. Kaye; Eisler', Richard M. // Sex Roles;Sep90, Vol. 23 Issue 5-6, p261 

    This study examined the relationship of masculine gender roles stress (MGRS) to nonverbal and verbal expressivity in positive and negative emotional dyadic role-play situations. The relationship between masculine gender role stress and emotion-focused social support was also explored. Male...

  • Investigation of the Relationship between Academic and Sport Motivation Orientations. Turkmen, Mutlu // Middle East Journal of Scientific Research;10/19/2013, Vol. 16 Issue 7, p1008 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between academic and sport motivation orientations of the Physical Education and Sport (PES) college students and also to explore gender effects in this relationship. The sample group of the study was composed of 154 students (68...

  • Childrens' Perceptions of Parental Expressiveness. Slevin, Kathleen F.; Balswick, Jack // Sex Roles;Apr80, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p293 

    While the literature suggests that males are less emotionally expressive than females, the issue has been informed by little systematic research. This article investigates the differences between sons' and daughters' perceptions of their mothers' and fathers' expressiveness of several emotions,...

  • RECENT RESEARCH ON CHILDREN'S FRIENDSHIPS. Furfey, Paul Hanly // Education;Mar1934, Vol. 54 Issue 7, p409 

    The article discusses various studies on friendships among children. One of the studies on the effect of sex on friendship concluded that boys prefer to play with boys while girls prefer to play with girls. But sex does not affect a child's social participation. A study found that children make...

  • Gender and Perceived Chances of Arrest. Richards, Pamela; Tittle, Charles R. // Social Forces;Jun81, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p1182 

    ABSTRACT This paper examines gender differences in perceived chances of arrest for six familiar types of lawbreaking. Most crime theories predict that women should give higher arrest estimates than men, and we note five common explanations for this prediction. These include differential stakes...

  • SEX-ROLE ORIENTATION ASSOCIATIONS WITH COLLEGE STUDENTS' BODY - IMAGE PREFERENCES. Durell Johnson, H.; Lamont, Janine; Monacelli, Jennifer; Vojick, Alex // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Dec2004 Part 1, Vol. 99 Issue 3, p995 

    Sex roles dictate acceptable attitudes and preferences for men and women. Further, perception of ideal body type is one attitude and preference that may be associated with sex-role orientation. Therefore, the current study examined the association between sex-role orientation and men's and...

  • Sex-Role Stereotyping in the United States: Is It Changing? Der-Karabetian, Aghop; Smith, Anthony J. // Sex Roles;Apr77, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p193 

    A checklist composed of 66 adjectives was used to measure sex-role stereo types of college and senior high school students (15- to 21-year-olds) in the University of Kansas area. Three hypotheses were tested: (a) Traditional ways of describing men and women will be very much in evidence, and a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of NEW JERSEY STATE LIBRARY

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics