TITLE

CRIME AS OPPORTUNITY: A Test of the Hypothesis with European Homicide Rates

AUTHOR(S)
Lester, David
PUB. DATE
April 1991
SOURCE
British Journal of Criminology;Spring91, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p186
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A study of European nations indicated that, where firearm availability, as measured by the percentage of suicides using firearms and by the firearm accidental death rate, was greater, then the firearm homicide rate was higher. The lack o fan association between firearm availability and the homicide rate by all other methods suggests that displacement does not take place. The results are viewed as supporting the situational hypothesis of criminal behaviour.
ACCESSION #
24858901

 

Related Articles

  • From the Editor. Enriquez, Roger // Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice;2010, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p183 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one by Doctors Clark, Boccaccini, and Turner on the extent of juries' disposition to question confession evidence validity, one by Doctor Altheimer on the impact of gun availability on gun-related crimes in cross-national...

  • Schemes to collect and destroy handguns help to cut homicide rate in crime ridden countries. Zarocostas, John // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;7/18/2009, Vol. 339 Issue 7713, p129 

    The article reports on a survey carried out by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland which indicated that initiatives to collect and destroy handguns and other small arms in countries with high rates of homicides such as Brazil and South Africa...

  • Do Gun Buybacks Save Lives? Evidence from Panel Data. Leigh, Andrew; Neill, Christine // American Law & Economics Review;Fall2010, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p462 

    In 1997, Australia implemented a gun buyback program that reduced the stock of firearms by around one-fifth (and nearly halved the number of gun-owning households). Using differences across states, we test whether the reduction in firearms availability affected homicide and suicide rates. We...

  • Louisiana ranks No. 2 in African-American killings.  // New Orleans CityBusiness (1994 to 2008);2/5/2007, Vol. 27 Issue 29, p11 

    The article reports that Louisiana ranks number two in the rate of African-American homicides. According to the Violence Policy Center, firearms were used in most of the 6,644 African-American slayings in the country. Pennsylvania ranked number one with 29.56 homicides per 100,000...

  • Investigating the Effect of Social Changes on Age-Specific Gun-Related Homicide Rates in New York City During the 1990s. Cerd´a, Magdalena; Messner, Steven F.; Tracy, Melissa; Vlahov, David; Goldmann, Emily; Tardiff, Kenneth J.; Galea, Sandro // American Journal of Public Health;Jun2010, Vol. 100 Issue 6, p1107 

    Objectives. We assessed whether New York City's gun-related homicide rates in the 1990s were associated with a range of social determinants of homicide rates. Methods. We used cross-sectional time-series data for 74 New York City police precincts from 1990 through 1999, and we estimated Bayesian...

  • TESTING A DURKHEIMIAN THEORY OF SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE IN SWITZERLAND. Lester, David // Swiss Journal of Sociology;1996, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p201 

    In a study of time series suicide and homicide rates in Switzerland from 1950-1985, measures of domestic social integration were found to predict suicide rates quite well, as Durkheim proposed. Surprisingly, the measures of domestic social integration predicted Swiss homicide rates during the...

  • Austerity policies in Brazil may affect violence related outcomes. Machado, Daiane Borges; Pescarini, Julia Moreira; Castro de Araújo, Luís Fernando Silva; Barreto, Maurício Lima // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;dec2019, Vol. 24 Issue 12, p4385 

    Economic crisis is often managed with austerity policies. These measures seem to burden the population disproportionately, with the poorer being more affected. This paper aims to investigate health outcomes performance after the recent Brazilian crisis and gauge whether that pattern also...

  • Suicide Burden in the U.S. Air Force: 1990-2004. Yamane, Grover K.; Butler, Jenny L. // Military Medicine;Oct2009, Vol. 174 Issue 10, p1019 

    Objective: To measure indirectly standardized active duty Air Force (ADAF) suicide rates. Methods: The study period was 1990-2004. ADAF suicide deaths were obtained from the Air Force Mortality Registry. ADAF population counts were obtained from the Defense Manpower and Data Center. Suicide...

  • The impact of violence on Venezuelan life expectancy and lifespan inequality. García, Jenny; Aburto, José Manuel // International Journal of Epidemiology;Oct2019, Vol. 48 Issue 5, p1593 

    Background: Venezuela is one of the most violent countries in the world. According to the United Nations, homicide rates in the country increased from 32.9 to 61.9 per 100 000 people between 2000 and 2014. This upsurge coincided with a slowdown in life expectancy improvements. We...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics