January 2011
Background Information Summaries;1/2/2011, p32
The article informs about Harekat at-Tahrir al-Wataniyyeh al-Filastiniyyeh, or Fatah, the Palestinian National Liberation Movement. The Arabic acronym, Fatah, also means "victory through jihad." Fatah, co-founded by Yassir Arafat in 1959 with the mission of eliminating the state of Israel and establishing an independent Palestinian state, is a secular Palestinian nationalist organization. The group accepted a "land-for-peace" policy and is a major party in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Fatah was challenged by the Islamist party, Hamas, which gained a majority position in the Palestinian Authority parliament. Fatah is no longer dominant in the Gaza strip, but is strong in the West Bank. Fatah leaders include Mahmoud Abbas and Marwan Barghouti.


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