TITLE

lRecent multiple sexual partners and HIV transmission risks among people living with HIV/AIDS in Botswana

AUTHOR(S)
Kalichman, Seth C.; Ntseane, Dolly; Nthomang, Keitseope; Segwabe, Mosarwa; Phorano, Odireleng; Simbayi, Leickness C.
PUB. DATE
August 2007
SOURCE
Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2007, Vol. 83 Issue 5, p371
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: HIV prevalence in Botswana is among the highest in the world and sexual networking patterns represent an important dimension to understanding the spread of HIV/AIDS. Aim: To examine risk behaviour associated with recent multiple sexual partnerships among people living with HIV/AIDS in Botswana. Methods: Confidential brief interviews were administered to 209 HIV positive men and 291 HIV positive women recruited conveniently from HIV/AIDS support groups and antiretroviral clinics. Measures included demographics, duration of HIV diagnosis, sexual partnerships, condom use, and HIV status disclosure. Results: The response rate was 63% and 309 (62%) participants were currently sexually active, of whom 247 (80%) reported only one sex partner in the previous 3 months and 62 (20%) reported two or more partners during that time. Condom use exceeded 80% across partner types and regardless of multiple partnerships. Steady sex partners of participants with multiple partnerships were significantly less likely to be protected by condoms than steady partners of individuals with only one sex partner. Individuals with multiple sex partners were also significantly less likely to have disclosed their HIV status. Conclusions: Multiple sexual partnerships, many of which are probably concurrent, are not uncommon among sexually active people living with HIV in Botswana. HIV prevention is needed for all individuals who are at risk and assistance should be provided to HIV infected people who continue to practise unprotected sex with uninfected partners or partners of unknown HIV status.
ACCESSION #
26373057

 

Related Articles

  • High-risk status of HIV-1 infection in the very low epidemic country, Mongolia, 2007. Davaalkham, J.; Unenchimeg, P.; Baigalmaa, Ch.; Oyunbileg, B.; Tsuchiya, K.; Hachiya, A.; Gatanaga, H.; Nyamkhuu, D.; Oka, S. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2009, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p391 

    Thirty-six HIV-1 cases had been reported by December 2007 in Mongolia. Therefore, Mongolia has been regarded as a very low HIV-1 epidemic country, although the surveillance system is not fully developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk status of HIV-1 infection in Mongolia. A...

  • HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse: systematic review, meta-analysis and implications for HIV prevention. Baggaley, Rebecca F.; White, Richard G.; Boily, Marie-Claude // International Journal of Epidemiology;Aug2010, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p1048 

    Background The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infectiousness of anal intercourse (AI) has not been systematically reviewed, despite its role driving HIV epidemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its potential contribution to heterosexual spread. We assessed the per-act and...

  • Natural Conception May Be an Acceptable Option in HIV-Serodiscordant Couples in Resource Limited Settings. Sun, Lijun; Wang, Fang; Liu, An; Xin, Ruolei; Zhu, Yunxia; Li, Jianwei; Shao, Ying; Ye, Jiangzhu; Chen, Danqing; Li, Zaicun // PLoS ONE;11/5/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 10, p1 

    Many HIV serodiscordant couples have a strong desire to have their own biological children. Natural conception may be the only choice in some resource limited settings but data about natural conception is limited. Here, we reported our findings of natural conception in HIV serodiscordant...

  • Psychosocial and psychopathological predictors of HIV-risk injecting behavior among drug users in Portugal. Costa, Eleonora C. V.; Paiva, Carla A.; Ferreira, Domingos; Santos, Sofia // Análise Psicológica;2015, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p391 

    Despite the introduction of needle and syringe exchange programs (NSPs), sharing of syringes and other materials remains common among injection drug users (IDUs) worldwide. For this reason, IDUs are at high-risk of HIV transmission. This paper studies the psychosocial and psychopathological...

  • Impact of HIV on Specific Biological Parameters. Gandhi, Sangeetha // New Indian Journal of Surgery;Oct2011, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p300 

    Impact of HIV on Specific Biological Parameters. Ramesh K, Gangadhara Goud T, Sangeetha Gandhi, Vishwas RaoBackground: AIDS is a pandemic now. It has multiple risk factors and of all the risk factors, sexual behavior acts as a double edged sword. On one hand, the risk of HIV acquisition is known...

  • Preexposure prophylaxis-related stigma: strategies to improve uptake and adherence - a narrative review. Haire, Bridget G. // HIV/AIDS - Research & Palliative Care;2015, Vol. 7, p241 

    Despite high levels of efficacy, the implementation of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as a strategy to prevent new HIV infection has been slow. Studies show that PrEP works so long as it is taken, making adherence one of the great challenges of effective PrEP implementation alongside issues of...

  • HIV Testing and Diagnosis Rates in Kiev, Ukraine: April 2013 - March 2014. Simmons, Ruth; Malyuta, Ruslan; Chentsova, Nelli; Medoeva, Antonia; Kruglov, Yuri; Yurchenko, Alexander; Copas, Andrew; Porter, Kholoud; null, null // PLoS ONE;8/31/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1 

    Objective: Data from Ukraine on risk factors for HIV acquisition are limited. We describe the characteristics of individuals testing for HIV in the main testing centres of the Ukrainian capital Kiev, including HIV risk factors, testing rates, and positivity rates. Methods: As part of a larger...

  • The unexplored story of HIV and ageing. Schmid, George P.; Williams, Brian G.; Garcia-Calleja, Jesus Maria; Miller, Chris; Segar, Emily; Southworth, Monica; Tonyan, David; Wacloff, Jocelyn; Scott, James // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Mar2009, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p162 

    The article reflects upon the epidemiology of HIV in older individuals. Information about it is not readily available as many health surveys omit older adults. In order to calculate its prevalence, estimated case numbers are used. According to the authors, prevalence in adults over 50 years of...

  • A tale of three cities: persisting high HIV prevalence, risk behaviour and undiagnosed infection in community samples of men who have sex with men. Dodds, Julie P.; Johnson, Anne M.; Parry, John V.; Mercey, Danielle E. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2007, Vol. 83 Issue 5, p392 

    Objectives: To examine the geographical variations in HIV prevalence (diagnosed and undiagnosed), use of sexual health services, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour in a community sample of men who have sex with men in three cities in England, specifically London,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics