TITLE

Infección por micobacterias no tuberculosas en pacientes infectados por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana

AUTHOR(S)
Morales-Aguirre, José Juan
PUB. DATE
May 2007
SOURCE
Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Departamento de ;may/jun2007, Vol. 64 Issue 3, p192
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare are included in Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). MAC causes one of the most common AIDS-related opportunistic infections in 25-50% of patients receiving no antiretroviral therapy. The absolute CD4 count less than 50/mm³ is the main factor for disease. Clarithromycin and azithromycin are recommended as first line preventive therapies. Optimum treatment for disseminated MAC includes clarithromycin and ethambutol. Other investigations suggest that the addition of rifabutin might reduce mortality. MAC incidence has been significantly reduced since the widespread use of highly-active antiretroviral therapy and immune reconstitution.
ACCESSION #
26901414

 

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