TITLE

EVALUACIÓN DE LA CONDUCTA ADOLESCENTE CON LAS ESCALAS DE ACHENBACH: ¿EXISTE CONCORDANCIA ENTRE DIFERENTES INFORMANTES?

AUTHOR(S)
Medina, Cristina; Navarro, J. Blas; Martinena, Patricia; Baños, Iris; Vicens-Vilanova, Jordi; Barrantes-Vidal, Neus; Subirá, Susana; Obiols, Jordi E.
PUB. DATE
September 2007
SOURCE
Salud Mental;sep2007, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction Behavioural problems in adolescents are thought to be relevant as strong predictors for the detection of other psychological disorders. For this reason and due to the importance they present by themselves, carrying out an adequate assessment of them is fundamental. Mental health professionals have diverse opinions about the value and importance of the different informants. The majority choose of their sources according to the disorder and necessities of each evaluator. On the other hand, the need to obtain data about adolescents' functioning from multiple resources has been emphasised and numerous reasons have been exposed. Concretely, the fact of carrying out the most objective and complete evaluations as possible has been considered essential in those studies aimed at evaluating behavioural alteration in adolescents. For this reason, Achenbach developed three versions of his scale: one for the parents, another for the teachers and a third one for the adolescents themselves. Numerous investigations have studied the concordance between groups of informants about different behavioural alterations in adolescents, but none have carried out a complete analysis of all informants in all subscales (not only the total ones). For this reason, the current study has been developed with the aim of contributing to obtain an enriching vision for the professional in the field. Objectives a) To systematically explore agreement patterns between adolescents, teachers and parents who inform of behavioural problems in adolescents in the general population and b) in those cases in which no agreement is found, to analyse the level of disagreement between each pair of informants for each subscale. Methodology Cross-sectional and descriptive study. Participants. The study was formed by 160 triads of parents, teachers and 13-16 year old adolescents selected from several schools in Barcelona. Instruments. The three forms of the Achenbach scale to measure behavioural alterations were applied. The scale was translated into Spanish by the Unit of Epidemiology and Diagnostic in Psychopathology of the Development of the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona: Youth Self-Report, self-evaluated, Child Behaviour Checklist/4-18 and Teacher's Report Form, both heteroevaluated and completed by parents and teachers, respectively. These three forms contain a 89-item set that evaluates the same behaviour, where eight items are organised in scales of syndromes derived empirically and which are invariant throughout informants. The eight subscales are: withdrawn, somatic complaints, anxious/depressed, social problems, thought problems, attention problems, delinquent behaviour and aggressive behaviour. Some of them are grouped in second order factors: the first three in internalising, the last two in externalising, and the rest of them provide a total problems punctuation. Statistical procedure. Agreement values were analysed for each pair of informants and each subscale through the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). A value below 0.40 indicates low concordance. In these cases, the statistical analysis proceeds with the discordance analysis by pairs of informants and for each subscale through the Bland Altman Method. Results A low concordance (below 0.40) between informants was found especially in internalizing scales (0.230). A slightly higher value was found in attention (0.334), aggressive behaviour (0.371), externalizing (0.357), and total subscales (0.327). Secondly, it was observed that, when informing about somatic complains, thought and attention problems, internalising items and the total scale, parents reported more alterations, followed by adolescents and teachers. Also, parents indicated more withdrawal problems in adolescents, although in this case they were followed by teachers and adolescents themselves.…
ACCESSION #
27828607

 

Related Articles

  • Adolescent Transformations of Behavioral and Neural Processes as Potential Targets for Prevention. Eldreth, Dana; Hardin, Michael; Pavletic, Nevia; Ernst, Monique // Prevention Science;Jun2013, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p257 

    Adolescence is a transitional period in development that is marked by a distinct, typical behavioral profile of high rates of exploration, novelty-seeking, and emotional lability. While these behaviors generally assist the adolescent transition to independence, they can also confer vulnerability...

  • Emotional Dynamics in the Development of Early Adolescent Psychopathology: A One-Year Longitudinal Study. Neumann, Anna; Van Lier, Pol A. C.; Frijns, Tom; Meeus, Wim; Koot, Hans M. // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Jul2011, Vol. 39 Issue 5, p657 

    This study examined the role of the level and variability of happiness, anger, anxiety, and sadness in the development of adolescent-reported anxiety disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, and aggressive behavior in 452 adolescents (250 male) followed from age 13 to 14. Level and between-day...

  • Effects of Household Burglary on Children. Axelrod, Bruce H. // Clinical Pediatrics;Jan1976, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p80 

    The preschool child is often emotionally aware of the potential for physical harm and loss of his favorite objects when a burglary occurs. This is a period of magical thinking, in which children are actively differentiating real from imaginary experiences. The child of this age often attempts to...

  • Outcomes for Youths with Early- and Very-Early-Onset Bipolar I Disorder. Jerrell, Jeanette M.; Prewette, Ervin D. // Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research;Jan2008, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p52 

    To examine differences between children and adolescents with bipolar I disorder in a public mental health system, medical records and computerized data files were reviewed for 82 newly admitted patients, focusing on documented diagnoses, clinical features, services and medications received, and...

  • Factors Associated With Participation of Children With Mental Health Problems in Structured Youth Development Programs. Keller, Thomas E.; Bost, Noel S.; Lock, Eric D.; Marcenko, Maureen O. // Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders;Fall2005, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p141 

    Comprehensive community care principles emphasize the importance of positive community-based activities for children with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD), and care givers frequently indicate the need for recreation and after-school programs. This study examined the involvement of...

  • Engaging Families into Child Mental Health Treatment: Updates and Special Considerations. Gopalan, Geetha; Goldstein, Leah; Klingenstein, Kathryn; Sicher, Carolyn; Blake, Clair; McKay, Mary M. // Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;2010, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p182 

    Objective: The current paper reviews recent findings regarding how to conceptualize engagement and factors influencing engagement, treatment attendance rates, and interventions that work. Method: Research related to the definition of engagement, predictors of engagement and treatment...

  • Subtypes of aggressive behaviors: A developmental perspective. Vitaro, Frank; Brendgen, Mara; Barker, Edward D. // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Jan2006, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p12 

    Aggressive behaviors in children and adolescents have undergone important conceptual and definitional modifications in the past two decades. In particular, subtypes of aggression have been proposed that separate the form and the function of the aggressive behaviors (i.e., social vs. physical...

  • Searching for Truth: Responsible Decision-Making with the Developmental Audit. Freado, Mark D.; Van Bockern, Steve // Reclaiming Children & Youth;Winter2010, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p18 

    The article offers information on the Developmental Audit that is grounded in the resilience model of the Circle of Courage in the U.S. Accordingly, the Developmental Audit model provides an alternative to the traditional assessments in determining disorders that focus on pathology. Moreover, it...

  • THREADS OF CONFUSION. Orr, Kenneth // Exceptional Children;Mar1957, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p263 

    The article discusses the definitions used in classifying and defining mentally handicapped children. There are many terms used to classify students of limited mental ability but they can only be grouped into two based on the educational point of view. These are the non-educable and the mentally...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics