TITLE

An Australian childhood obesity summit: the role of data and evidence in 'public' policy making

AUTHOR(S)
Nathan, SA; Develin, E; Grove, N; Zwi, AB
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
Australia & New Zealand Health Policy (ANZHP);2005, Vol. 2, p17
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Overweight and obesity in Australia has risen at an alarming rate over the last 20 years as in other industrialised countries around the world, yet the policy response, locally and globally, has been limited. Using a childhood obesity summit held in Australia in 2002 as a case study, this paper examines how evidence was used in setting the agenda, influencing the Summit debate and shaping the policy responses which emerged. The study used multiple methods of data collection including documentary analysis, key informant interviews, a focus group discussion and media analysis. The resulting data were content analysed to examine the types of evidence used in the Summit and how the state of the evidence base contributed to policy-making. Results: Empirical research evidence concerning the magnitude of the problem was widely reported and largely uncontested in the media and in the Summit debates. In contrast, the evidence base for action was mostly opinion and ideas as empirical data was lacking. Opinions and ideas were generally found to be an acceptable basis for agreeing policy action coupled with thorough evaluation. However, the analysis revealed that the evidence was fiercely contested around food advertising to children and action agreed was therefore limited. Conclusion: The Summit demonstrated that policy action will move forward in the absence of strong research evidence. Where powerful and competing groups contest possible policy options, however, the evidence base required for action needs to be substantial. As with tobacco control, obesity control efforts are likely to face ongoing challenges around the nature of the evidence and interventions proposed to tackle the problem. Overcoming the challenges in controlling obesity will be more likely if researchers and public health advocates enhance their understanding of the policy process, including the role different types of evidence can play in influencing public debate and policy decisions, the interests and tactics of the different stakeholders involved and the part that can be played by time-limited yet high profile events such as Summits.
ACCESSION #
28781574

 

Related Articles

  • The fat of the nation. Netherwood, Cathy // Australian Parents;Oct/Nov2006, p57 

    The article presents an update on obesity in Australia. With a quarter of Australian school children overweight or obese, and the figures still rising, there is a need to understand obesity better if Australians are going to be able to control it effectively. Controlling obesity starts at home,...

  • Combating childhood obesity.  // Education Journal;Feb2006, Issue 92, p41 

    The article focuses on the efforts of Scottish government to combat childhood obesity in the country. According to the study, children in the country drink more fizzy drinks than youngsters anywhere else in Europe. The study added that one of the reasons childhood obesity is increasing is...

  • UK campaign against childhood obesity encounters problems.  // Active Living;Jul2006, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p22 

    This article reports on the problem facing the government campaign in Great Britain against stopping the rise of child obesity. The problem is due to confusion among professionals over the best way to tackle the problem. Three agencies of the government have reported the problem. There is a rise...

  • Overweight among primary school-age children in Malaysia. Naidu, Balkish Mahadir; Mahmud, Siti Zuraidah; Ambak, Rashidah; Sallehuddin, Syafinaz Mohd; Mutalip, Hatta Abdul; Saari, Riyanti; Sahril, Norhafizah; Hamid, Hamizatul Akmal Abdul // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Sep2013, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p408 

    This study is a secondary data analysis from the National Health Morbidity Survey III, a population-based stud conducted in 2006. A total of 7,749 children between 7 and 12 years old were recruited into the study. This study seeks to report the prevalence of overweight (including obesity)...

  • Early childhood obesity: a call for early surveillance and preventive measures. Willms, J. Douglas // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;8/3/2004, Vol. 171 Issue 3, p243 

    Discusses early child obesity based on a study by preschool children in Newfoundland and Labrador reported by P. M. Canning, M. L. Courage and L. M. Frizzell. Percentage of preschool children who are obese; Methodology used in early surveillance of childhood obesity; Risks faced by children who...

  • Child obesity 'levelling off'.  // Practice Nurse;11/20/2009, Vol. 38 Issue 9, p8 

    The article presents data produced by experts led by Professor Klim McPherson of Oxford University indicating that children's overweight and obesity levels dropped 4% in the anticipated number for girls, while the anticipated number for boys dropped by 5%. News that child obesity may be...

  • Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 8 to 15 year-old children in Sidi-bel-Abbes, Algeria. Diaf, Mustapha; Khaled, Boumediene Meghit // Middle East Journal of Family Medicine;Dec2011, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p10 

    Background and Objectives: The prevalence of childhood obesity has been dramatically increasing worldwide. This study was performed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children age 8 to 15 years in Sidi-Bel-Abbes (north-western region of Algeria). Subjects and Methods:...

  • GETTING PHYSICAL. Kemper, Han C. G. // Youth Studies Australia;Mar2004, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p27 

    Presents an overview of research findings regarding the international epidemic of obesity in young people. Body mass index of obese adults according to the World Health Organization; Percentage of children who are overweight in the Netherlands; Health risks associated with obesity; Determinants...

  • Adipocytokine Profile and Insulin Resistance in Childhood Obesity. Gherlan, Iuliana; Vladoiu, Suzana; Alexiu, Florin; Giurcaneanu, Mihaela; Oros, Sabina; Brehar, Andreea; Procopiuc, Camelia; Dumitrache, Constantin // Romanian Journal of Medical Practice;2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p205 

    Background: Adipose tissue is a veritable "endocrine organ" due to its adipocytokines secretion implied in insulin sensitivity modulation and cardiovascular complications. Objective: To identify the adipocytokines' plasmatic profile (adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, TNFα) in obese...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics