TITLE

Reliability and Validity of an Instrument to Describe Burnout Among Collegiate Athletic Trainers

AUTHOR(S)
Clapper, Daniel C.; Harris, Laura L.
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Associ;Jan/Feb2008, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p62
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Context: The existing investigations of professional burnout among certified athletic trainers (ATs) were conducted before 2000. Since 2000, several educational and legal changes have redefined the job duties and responsibilities of the AT working in collegiate athletics. Objective: To develop an instrument to determine factors that contribute to burnout in ATs employed within the collegiate athletics setting. Design: Descriptive study. Setting: National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I-A universities. Patients or Other Participants: Instrument design experts and ATs employed in various NCAA Division I-A athletic programs. Main Outcome Measure(s): The Athletic Training Burnout Inventory (ATBI) included the Maslach Burnout Inventory (18 items) plus 45 new items to address established factors that lead to burnout and to address workload issues specific to athletic training. We initially developed 3 constructs (emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, level of stress, and level of organizational support) and included them in the 2 field tests and first pilot test of the ATBI. For the second pilot test, the instrument comprised 4 constructs: emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, administrative responsibility, time commitment, and organizational support. The 2 field tests were conducted to establish face and content validity of the ATBI. Reliability analyses were conducted twice on the 2 separate pilot tests using a Cronbach a set a priori at .70 and an item-to-total correlation. Results: The second pilot test of the ATBI with the 4 constructs was determined reliable (emotional exhaustion and de- personalization, a = .85; administrative responsibility, a = .82; time commitment, a = .86; and organizational support, a = .80); however, some items within 2 constructs appeared suspect with low item-to-total correlations (<0.25). Conclusions: The second administration of the ATBI produced an acceptable response rate. All 4 constructs were reliable; however, the suspect items within the constructs need further investigation. Researchers need to evaluate the conceptual worth of these items to the entire instrument.
ACCESSION #
31317375

 

Related Articles

  • Work-related well-being of emergency workers in Gauteng. Naudé, Johannes L. P.; Rothmann, Sebastiaan // South African Journal of Psychology;Mar2006, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p63 

    The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between occupational stress, sense of coherence, burnout and work engagement of emergency workers in Gauteng and to determine whether sense of coherence moderates the effects of occupational stress on burnout and work engagement. A...

  • Differential Effect of Inter-Role Conflict on Proactive Individual's Experience of Burnout. Jawahar, I.; Kisamore, Jennifer; Stone, Thomas; Rahn, Douglas // Journal of Business & Psychology;Jun2012, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p243 

    Purpose: This study examined how proactive personality interacts with inter-role conflict, measured as work-family conflict and family-work conflict, to predict burnout, measured as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Design/Methodology/Approach:...

  • Síndrome de burnout en población mexicana: Una revisión sistemática. Juárez-García, Arturo; Idrovo, Álvaro J.; Camacho-Ávila, Anabel; Placencia-Reyes, Omar // Salud Mental;mar/abr2014, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p159 

    The growing number of publications on the subject of burnout syndrome suggests this is the most widely researched psychological work-related outcome in the last decades. It is important to review the state of art in this phenomenon and to examine the challenging dimension that it has reached....

  • Free Communications, Thematic Posters: Job Stress and Satisfaction in Clinical Practice. Mensch, Jim // Journal of Athletic Training (National Athletic Trainers' Associ;Apr-Jun2006 Supplement, Vol. 41, pS-72 

    The article presents abstracts of research related to job stress and satisfaction in clinical practice. They include "Contributing Factors to Role Strain in Collegiate Athletic Training Approved Clinical Instructors," "Determining Professional Burnout of Certified Athletic Trainers Employed in...

  • An Overview of Burnout in Athletic Trainers. McLaine, Alice J. // Athletic Therapy Today;Nov2005, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p11 

    The article discusses burnout as it relates to the athletic training job. Job stress for athletic trainers may be cyclical because of the demands of competitions. Other sources of job stress include difficult workloads with multiple job requirements. Athletic trainers should realize that burnout...

  • Job Satisfaction.  // Athletic Therapy Today;Nov2005, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p34 

    The article presents a quiz on job satisfaction that can be used by certified athletic trainers and athletic therapists in the U.S. to acquire continuing education units. Questions include: whether burnout usually has a slow onset and is typically a reaction to job-related stress; whether...

  • Intrapersonal and Situational Predictors of Coaching Burnout. Vealey, Robin S.; Udry, Eileen M.; Zimmerman, Vicki; Soliday, Jill // Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology;Mar1992, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p40 

    The purpose of this study was to examine dispositional, cognitive, and situational predictors of coaching burnout within Smith's cognitive-affective model of sport burnout. High school and college coaches (N=848) completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a...

  • WORK-FAMILY SPILLOVER AND BURNOUT ACROSS PSYCHO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES IN A FEW SELECTED BANKS. Luxmi // Management Dynamics;Dec2012, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p92 

    The main objectives of this paper were to study work family spillover and burnout of employees in a few selected public and private sector banks, to find the correlation between work family spillover and burnout and to see the association of work family spillover and burnout vis-a-vis...

  • Are You At Risk Of Job Burn Out?  // Customers First;2014, Vol. 19 Issue 9, p6 

    The article offers checklist to determine job burnout. Questions that would identify job burnout include whether one becomes generally negative, with poor personal and health habit due to stress, and faking interest. Other signs such as feeling numb and untouched by situations will help one...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics