Comparison of the mariner Schilling rudder and the mariner rudder for VLCCs in strong winds

Vishwanath Nagarajan; Dong Kang; Kazuhiko Hasegawa; Kenjiro Nabeshima
February 2008
Journal of Marine Science & Technology;Feb2008, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p24
Academic Journal
Abstract  A simulation model of a very large crude carrier (VLCC) with either a mariner type Schilling rudder or a mariner rudder was developed from captive and free-running model tests. Kijima’s regression formula was used to predict the hydrodynamic hull forces on the VLCC. To simulate full-scale maneuvering at cruising speed, the constant torque operation of the main engine was assumed. Considering the higher normal lift force and maneuverability of the mariner type Schilling rudder as compared to the mariner rudder, the size of mariner type Schilling rudder is kept smaller as compared to mariner rudder. To compare the efficiency of the two types of rudder system, maneuvering simulations at constant engine torque and course-keeping simulations at various gusting wind speeds and encounter angles were carried out. Based on the simulation results, the two rudder types were compared from the viewpoint of maneuvering and fuel efficiency in windy conditions.


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