TITLE

THE NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS: THE GAIN AND COST OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION (BULGARIAN AND LITHUANIAN CASE)

AUTHOR(S)
Zaharieva, Galina; Čiburienė, Jadvyga
PUB. DATE
August 2008
SOURCE
Economics & Management;2008, p154
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article aims to examine the changes of National competitiveness in Bulgaria and Lithuania in the context of economical integration into European Union (EU). The integration processes are bound with growing competition, which has already lost national character. Competition is dynamical. Nowadays countries compete as direct competitors for international markets. Authorities in all countries continually work with the problems of international trade. Once they make decisions, create trade policies to achieve eligible results. Each country seeks creating favourable international trade conditions in order to reduce unemployment level and to create new jobs. At present, on global level, the issue of economic policy, including competitiveness and its instruments convergence across the EU emerges. The economic, political and social realities of the contemporary world demand a new approach towards the processes developing in both national and global aspect. Apart from the internationalization and globalization issues and as a direct result thereof the issue of the economic competitiveness is presently an important topic. Imposed by the sheer market relations or resulting from policies applied on various levels, the competitiveness is today one of the most wanted and needed assets. Today competitiveness exists not only among the individuals and companies but also among institutions, governments, towns and regions as well as among national economies. Although the concept of corporate level competitiveness is clear enough on a national level its nature is widely discussed. The national competitiveness concept is seen as a flexible matter that may be shaped according to the needs of its owner. For some people this means higher volumes of sales on the international markets, for others - increased volumes of foreign direct investments, greater profits, or better efficiency. The small economies of EU must boost trade and to compete in the international level of markets if they seek economical development. All these countries face the necessity to strengthen the capacity of international trade and integration into the EU economy. Integration in the world economy has three aspects: regional, that involves the economic relations between small countries of Baltic region; a European, which involves relations with the European Union; global aspect, which involves Baltic region countries trade relations with the rest of the world. Integration to the EU is a major factor of Lithuania's and Bulgaria's economic and international trade development. The theoretical part of paper is based on analyze of scientific literature, describing the dependence between firm competitiveness, branch and national competitiveness and introducing the Union (block) competitiveness. For the empirical part the Global Competitiveness Index and the Business competitiveness Index are used. The main idea is that we explore the National competitiveness of Bulgaria and Lithuania and its change in the process of EU integration - describing development of national economies.…
ACCESSION #
32562979

 

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