TITLE

Tracking the HIV Epidemic: Current Issues, Future Challenges

AUTHOR(S)
Fleming, Patricia L.; Wortley, Pascale M.; Karon, John M.; DeCock, Kevin M.; Janssen, Robert S.
PUB. DATE
July 2000
SOURCE
American Journal of Public Health;Jul2000, Vol. 90 Issue 7, p1037
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The emergence of a new infectious disease, AIDS, in the early 1980s resulted in the development of a national AIDS surveillance system. AIDS surveillance data provided an understanding of transmission risks and characterized communities affected by the epidemic. Later, these data provided the basis for allocating resources for prevention and treatment programs. New treatments have dramatically improved survival. Resulting declines in AIDS incidence and deaths offer hope that HIV disease can be successfully managed. However, to prevent and control HIV/AIDS in the coming decades, the public health community must address new challenges. These include the defining of the role of treatment in reducing infectiousness; the potential for an epidemic of treatment-resistant HIV; side effects of treatment; complacency that leads to relapses to high-risk behaviors; and inadequate surveillance and research capacity at state and local levels to guide the development of health interventions. Meeting these challenges will require reinvesting in the public health capacity of state and local health departments, restructuring HIV/AIDS surveillance programs to collect the data needed to guide the response to the epidemic, and providing timely answers to emerging epidemiologic questions. (Am d Public Health. 2000; 90:1037-1041)
ACCESSION #
3269943

 

Related Articles

  • Five Myths about the HIV Epidemic in Asia. Godwin, Peter; O'Farrell, Nigel; Fylkesnes, Knut; Misra, Sujaya // PLoS Medicine;Oct2006, Vol. 3 Issue 10, p1703 

    The article discusses five myths concerning the HIV epidemic in Asia. First myth is that the epidemic in several Asian countries would have the disastrous impact similar to that in sub-Saharan Africa, but on much worse scale. According to author, the epidemic risk in Asia-Pacific and Africa are...

  • Estimating the number of HIV infections averted: an approach and its issues. Heaton, L M; Komatsu, R; Low-Beer, D; Fowler, T B; Way, P O // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2008 Supplement 1, Vol. 84 Issue S1, pi92 

    Objective: To propose a methodology to estimate the number of new HIV infections averted. Knowledge of HIV infection has increased tremendously and modelling tools to project current epidemics into the future have greatly improved. Different types of models can be used to estimate HIV infections...

  • How to contain generalized HIV epidemics? A plea for better evidence to displace speculation. Gisselquist, D.; Potterat, J. J.; St Lawrence, J. S.; Hogan, M.; Arora, N. K.; Correa, M.; Dinsmore, W. W.; Mehta, G.; Millogo, J.; Muth, S. Q.; Okinyi, M.; Ounga, T. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jul2009, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p443 

    In the worst generalized HIV epidemics in East and Southern Africa, from one-quarter to three-quarters of women aged 15 years can expect to be living with HIV or to have died with AIDS by age 40 years. This disaster continues in the face of massive HIV prevention programmes based on current...

  • Estimating the number of people at risk for and living with HIV in China in 2005: methods and results. Lu, F.; Wang, N.; Wu, Z.; Sun, X.; Rehnsfrom, J.; Poundstone, K.; Yu, W.; Pisani, E. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Jun2006 Supplement III, Vol. 82, piii87 

    Background: No new estimates of HIV infection have been available for China since 2003. However, since then, data availability has increased dramatically. Objectives: To use internationally recommended methods to make new estimates of the number of people exposed to HIV in China, the number...

  • Snapshot of a pandemic. Pilcher, Helen // Nature;7/8/2004, Vol. 430 Issue 6996, p134 

    Reports on the pandemic of HIV in the world. Number of people infected with HIV; Death risk caused by the virus; Degree of infected adults in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Phylodynamics of HIV-1 Subtype C Epidemic in East Africa. Delatorre, Edson Oliveira; Bello, Gonzalo // PLoS ONE;Jul2012, Vol. 7 Issue 7, p1 

    The HIV-1 subtype C accounts for an important fraction of HIV infections in east Africa, but little is known about the genetic characteristics and evolutionary history of this epidemic. Here we reconstruct the origin and spatiotemporal dynamics of the major HIV-1 subtype C clades circulating in...

  • Treatment as Prevention: Arriving at Community Consensus. Cairns, Gus; Baker, A. Cornelius; Dedes, Nikos; Zakowicz, Anna; West, Brian // Clinical Infectious Diseases;Jul2014, Vol. 59 Issue suppl_1, pS35 

    At a satellite meeting preceding the 2013 Controlling the HIV Epidemic With Antiretrovirals evidence summit in London, England, a group of organizations and advocates discussed and formulated the final draft of a document, the Community Consensus Statement on the Use of Antiretroviral Therapy in...

  • Uncertainty in estimates of HIV/AIDS: the estimation and application of plausibility bounds. Grossly, N. C.; Morgan, M.; Walker, N.; Garnett, G.; Sthnecki, K. A.; Stover, J.; Brown, T.; Ghys, P. D. // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2004 Supplement 1, Vol. 80, pi31 

    Objectives: To establish the accuracy of the country specific estimates of HIV prevalence, incidence, and AIDS mortality published every 2 years by UNAIDS and WHO. Methods: We review sources of error in the data used to generate national HIV/AIDS and where possible estimate their statistical...

  • THE STATE OF PLAY.  // Geographical (Geographical Magazine Ltd.);Jan2006, Vol. 78 Issue 1, p48 

    The article reports on the increasing number of new infections and deaths associated with HIV/AIDS each year. According to the United Nations, a total of 40.3 million people are living with HIV. In 2005 alone, there were 4.9 million new infections and 3.1 million people who died of AIDS. The...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics