Incidence and causes of Maternal Mortality in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

Garba, S. N.; Ajayi, A. D.; Isa, A.; Umar, A. B.; Onubanjo, D. E.
May 2008
West African Journal of Nursing;May2008, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p15
Academic Journal
This study was conducted to identify the incidence and causes of maternal mortality as recorded in the maternity unit of the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria. The study covered a period of five years i.e. between January, 2001 and December 2005. The objectives of the study were primarily to identify the number of women of child bearing age that died of pregnancy and childbirth complications in the maternity unit of the hospital, to identify the causes of maternal mortality recorded during the period of study and to identify the ante-natal care status of those that died including their ages and parity status. Utilizing a purposive sampling technique, all the women that died of pregnancy and child birth related problems from January, 2001 to December, 2005 were sorted out from the hospital records. The result shows that a total of 146 women died from a total of 6,440 recorded deliveries with the highest deaths record of 42(28.8%) recorded in 2003 and the least death cases of 22(15.1%) recorded in 2005. The deaths were said to be due to eclampsia (19.2%), post-partum haemorrhage (17.8%l, puerperal sepsis (13.7%) and obstructed labour (10.3%) among others. Majority of those that died (65.7%) did not attend ante-natal clinics and 15% were aged 41-45 years. The findings also revealed that 38.4% were in the para 6-10 category. It is recommended that there should be public enlightenment/health education on girl child education, child spacing and ante-natal care as well as provision of trained midwives and other trained community health workers to provide maternal health services in the community.


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