TITLE

100% Adherence Study: Educational Workshops vs. Video Sessions to Improve Adherence Among ART-Naïve Patients in Salvador, Brazil

AUTHOR(S)
Sampaio-Sa, Marcia; Page-Shafer, Kimberly; Bangsberg, David R.; Evans, Jennifer; Dourado, Maria de Lourdes; Teixeira, Celia; Netto, Eduardo; Brites, Carlos
PUB. DATE
July 2008
SOURCE
AIDS & Behavior;Jul2008 Supplement, Vol. 12, p54
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We conducted a randomized trial to test an intervention aimed at increasing adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-positive, ART-naïve patients in Salvador, Brazil. Participants ( N = 107) were randomized to either educational workshops based on the information-motivation-behavioral skills model ( n = 52) or a control video session ( n = 55). Changes in self-reported ART adherence, viral load, CD4 cell counts and ART pharmacy records were measured periodically over 12 months. After 3–6 months, ART adherence (≥95%) was 77.8% in the workshop group and 85.7% in video group (as treated) and 53.8% and 65.5%, respectively, using intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis (both P > 0.05) At 9–12 months, ART adherence decreased to 73.7% in the workshop group and 79.1% in the video group (as treated) and 53.8% and 61.8% using ITT, respectively. No differences were found in self-reported adherence, viral load or pharmacy records between groups. We found that the educational workshop intervention does not increase adherence to ART.
ACCESSION #
32786085

 

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