Correlation of annual precipitation with human Y-chromosome diversity and the emergence of Neolithic agricultural and pastoral economies in the Fertile Crescent

Chiaroni, Jacques; King, Roy J.; Underhill, Peter A.
June 2008
Antiquity;Jun2008, Vol. 82 Issue 316, p281
Academic Journal
Examining the beginnings of agriculture in the 'Fertile Crescent', this research team has compared the distribution of rainfall with the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups. The extended families signalled by J1 and J2 haplogroups seem to have had different destinies in the era of agro-pastoralist experiment: J2 were the agricultural innovators who followed the rainfall, while J1 remained largely with their flocks. Acknowledging the fuzzy edges of such mapping, the authors nevertheless escort us into new realms of the possible for the early history of peoples.


Related Articles

  • Not so coarse, nor always plain - the earliest pottery of Syria. Nieuwenhuyse, Olivier P.; Akkermans, Peter M. M. G.; van der Plicht, Johannes // Antiquity;Mar2010, Vol. 84 Issue 323, p71 

    The site of Tell Sabi Abyad in Syria offers a superb stratified sequence passing from the aceramic (pre-pottery) to pottery-using Neolithic around 7000 BC. Surprisingly the first pottery arrives fully developed with mineral tempering, burnishing and stripey decoration in painted slip. The...

  • The Origins of Domestic Cattle. SWAMINATHAN, NIKHIL // Archaeology;Jul/Aug2012, Vol. 65 Issue 4, p21 

    The article discusses DNA evidence of prehistoric cattle bones found in Iran showing that all taurine cattle were descended from a herd of about 80 cows, suggesting that cattle domestication was not a widespread practice in the Neolithic period in the Near East.

  • Sweeter than wine? The use of the grape in early western Asia. Miller, Naomi E. // Antiquity;Dec2008, Vol. 82 Issue 318, p937 

    Emotional news for lovers of a dry white wine. The blissful Hippocrene was composed from wild grapes from the sixth millennium BC in the lands of its natural habitat. But, as the author shows, the cultivation, domestication and selective breeding of the grape following in the Late Neolithic to...

  • Islam at the Center: Technological Complexes and the Roots of Modernity. BURKE, III, EDMUND // Journal of World History;Jun2009, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p165 

    For prehistorians, the concept of the "Neolithic toolkit" provides a means of evaluating the technological capacities of world societies on a cross-cultural basis. This article seeks to refine the toolkit idea by distinguishing a series of the technological complexes that, while originating in...

  • The Pearl Trade. Lawler, Andrew // Archaeology;Mar/Apr2012, Vol. 65 Issue 2, p46 

    The article discusses excavations on the shore of the Persian Gulf showing evidence of a natural pearl industry in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages through the 18th century. The author describes the discovery of pearls at archaeological sites near the Persian Gulf, including one at As-Sabiyah in...

  • Differentiation of Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes in Russian Populations. Malyarchuk, Boris; Derenko, Miroslava; Grzybowski, Tomasz; Lunkina, Arina; Czarny, Jakub; Rychkov, Serge; Morozova, Irina; Demsova, Galina; Miścicka-Śliwka, Danuta // Human Biology;Dec2004, Vol. 76 Issue 6, p877 

    The genetic composition of the Russian population was investigated by analyzing both mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-chromosome loci polymorphisms that allow for the different components of a population gene pool to be studied, depending on the mode of DNA marker inheritance. mtDNA sequence...

  • Fate of the other redcoat: remnants of colonial British foxes in the eastern United States. KASPROWICZ, ADRIENNE E.; STATHAM, MARK J.; SACKS, BENJAMIN N. // Journal of Mammalogy;Jan2016, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p298 

    Red foxes were absent or rare in the southeastern United States until the late 1800s. Their origins potentially include natural population increase/expansion, translocations from Europe, and, eventually, 20th century fur farming. Previous studies have found no European haplotypes in North...

  • Sub-Saharan Africa descendents in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil): population and mutational data for 12 Y-STR loci. Patricia Domingues; Leonor Gusmão; Dayse da Silva; Rinaldo Pereira // International Journal of Legal Medicine;May2007, Vol. 121 Issue 3, p238 

    Abstract  A male sample of 135 African descendents from the Rio de Janeiro population were typed for the 12 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the PowerPlex Y System. A high haplotype diversity was observed (0.9971), with 91% of haplotypes being unique,...

  • The Neolithic period. Banning, E.B. // Near Eastern Archaeology;Dec1998, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p188 

    Explores and discusses major issues and controversies surrounding the Neolithic period in the late prehistory of the Southern Levant, a region in the Middle East. Technology and economy in the Neolithic period; Settlement pattern, ideology and social organization during the period. INSET:...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics