TITLE

To Picture or Not to Picture: How to Decide

AUTHOR(S)
Sims-Knight, Judith E.
PUB. DATE
July 1992
SOURCE
Visible Language;Summer/Autumn92, Vol. 26 Issue 3/4, p325
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper proposes that to create visual designs that effectively communicate their information it is necessary to supplement the intuitions of the designer with empirical research. The first part of the paper gives the reasons why intuitions - of designers or anyone else - are inadequate. It describes the habits of human reasoning that distort designers' ability to intuit how users will understand and respond to graphics. The second part of the paper gives two alternative solutions to these problems, both of which are based on observing how people actually behave in response to visuals. One solution is to investigate scientifically whether and how visuals communicate to viewers. From such investigations general principles can be developed and examples of research-based principles for educational visual representations are given. When such general principles are not available or appear to be inappropriate for the given situation, designers can use a second solution, that if user-based iterative design. This strategy provides procedures by which designers van explore users' reactions at the same time they are developing prototypes of their designs. In this say user-based errors can be corrected while designs are stilt being developed.
ACCESSION #
33515391

 

Related Articles

  • VISUAL LITERACY: WORDS AND PICTURES. BRAKE, MARY // Training & Development (1839-8561);Apr2015, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p7 

    The article offers suggestions for developing organizational graphics and visual display by. Topics discussed include visual display information as a whole brain activity developed by Hermann Whole Brain Model, applying visual learning creating sound bites and use of words, lines and images to...

  • Improving Pre-Service Teachers' Visual Literacy through Online Photo-Sharing Applications. Sadik, Alaa // International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p31 

    No abstract available.

  • Design and Development of an Instructional Interface. Lohr, Linda // Journal of Visual Literacy;Spring2001, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p31 

    This developmental research provides a visual articulation of the processes involved in implementing an Analysis, Synthesis, Evaluation, and Change (ASEC) (Reigeluth & Nelson, 1997) instructional interface design procedure. Three cycles of ASEC development were documented and illustrated over 15...

  • SAWAYAKA, TASTY, I FEEL COKE!: Using the Graphic and Pictorial Image to Explore Japan's "Empire of Signs". Stanlaw, James // Journal of Visual Literacy;Autumn2000, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p129 

    This paper examines the extensive use of English borrowings and graphic images that dominate the visual world of Japan. It argues that these English signs (both visual and linguistic) are not mere imitations of the West, nor are they a kind of language pollution. Instead, they represent a highly...

  • Give your Training a Visual Boost. Clark, Ruth // T+D;Apr2009, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p36 

    The article offers several guidelines for employee trainers to increase visual literacy in their training materials. It is suggested to consider the effect that decorative visuals, which add visual interest but don't enhance instruction, will have on learning. A study conducted by psychologist...

  • EDITORIAL DISCUSSION. Knupfer, Nancy Nelson // Journal of Visual Literacy;Spring2000, Vol. 20 Issue 1, pviii 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including the formal-aesthetic and critical-cultural approaches in teaching visual literacy by Luis Abraham and importance of verbal and literacy education to women by Lydia Dambekalns.

  • Editorial Statement. Avgerinou, Maria D. // Journal of Visual Literacy;Fall2012, Vol. 31 Issue 2, piv 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports on topics including cover art, information design and classroom practice on visual literacy.

  • Curriculum Planning for the Development of Graphicacy. Danos, Xenia // Design & Technology Education;2013, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p32 

    The paper describes the importance of graphicacy as a key communication tool in our everyday lives. The need to better understand the development of graphicacy and its use in the school curriculum is emphasised. The need for a new research tool is explained and the development of a new taxonomy...

  • Typographic Literacies. Hill, Will // Multi: The RIT Journal of Plurality & Diversity in Design;2009, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p60 

    This paper develops themes introduced in my paper Teaching typography in the 21st century: Reviewing the fundamentals of typography in a post-modern design culture, delivered at the AGRAFA International design education conference in Katowice, Poland in December 2007. The paper will identify and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics