The Dalai Lama Institution: Its Origin and Genealogical Succession

Sorensen, Per K.
September 2005
Orientations;Sep2005, Vol. 36 Issue 6, p53
The article discusses the origin and genealogical succession of Dalai Lamas in Tibet, China. The word dalai means ocean used on a seal by Mongol chief Güyük Khan on a letter addressed to Pope Innocent IV in 1246 to describe chiefs as oceanic or world rulers. The formation of a Gelugpa theocracy has made the Dalai lama head of the state in the middle of 1640s. The Dalai Lama is regarded as a reincarnation of diety Avalokiteshvara that is an emblem of Tibetan life and culture.


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