TITLE

Dietary intake of macro and micronutrients in children: does recurrent illness reduce intake?

AUTHOR(S)
De Silva, A.; Atukorala, S.; Ahluwalia, N.
PUB. DATE
June 2004
SOURCE
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;2004 Supplement, Vol. 13, pS119
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Approximately one third of children in Sri Lanka suffer from undernutrition. Recurrent infections that may lead to reduce dietary intake are thought to be an important cause of undernutrition in children. Objectives: To compare dietary intakes of macro and micronutrients in children with recurrent infections and healthy controls. Methods: 364 children, aged 5-10 years, who were recruited from the Children's hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka for a study on iron and infection had their dietary intake assessed during a period of 8 weeks. Children with a past history of recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) with clinical and laboratory evidence of URTI during the observation period were the infection group (n = 180), while children without infections were controls (n = 184). A 24 - hour recall of the preceding day's diet was obtained at baseline, week 4 and week 8 (on 3 days) using a dietary data questionnaire incorporating common foods consumed in Sri Lanka. Food composition tables specially prepared for assessment of Sri Lankan diets were used to calculate nutrient intakes. Results: Children in both groups were of similar low socio-economic status. Analysis of dietary data indicated that children with infection and controls had lower intakes of energy, protein, carotene and ascorbic acid than recommended dietary allowances for their age groups. No significant differences were noted in average intakes of nutrients/day between infection and control groups;energy: infection group; 974 ± 198 kcal, controls; 979 ± 109 kcal (P = 0.80), protein: infection group; 29.6±8.5 g, controls; 28.8 ± 7.4 g (P = 0.37), iron: infection group; 11.0 ± 3.7 mg, controls; 11.2 ± 4.0 mg (P = 0.52), ascorbic acid: infection group; 10.3 ± 12.4 mg, controls; 11.7 ± 12.6 mg (P= 0.32) and vitamin A:infection group; 143.0±118µg retinol activity equivalents (RAE), controls; 149.6± 117 µg RAE. Conclusions: Children with URTI and healthy controls had similar dietary intakes. Recurrent mild infections may not be a cause of undernutrition in 5-10 year old children. Acknowledgements: International Life Sciences Institute, USA.
ACCESSION #
34013604

 

Related Articles

  • Efficacy of a multi-micronutrient dietary intervention based on haemoglobin, hair zinc concentrations, and selected functional outcomes in rural Malawian children. Yeudall, F.; Gibson, R.S.; Kayira, C.; Umar, E. // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Dec2002, Vol. 56 Issue 12, p1176 

    Objective: To investigate the efficacy of enhancing the content and bioavailability of micronutrients in diets of stunted rural Malawian children on their growth and body composition, morbidity, anaemia and hair zinc concentrations. Design: A quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control...

  • Multiple micronutrient deficiencies persist during early childhood in Mongolia. Lander, Rebecca L.; Enkhjargal, Tserennadmid; Batjargal, Jamiyan; Bailey, Karl B.; Diouf, Sarah; Green, Timothy J.; Skeaff, C. Murray; Gibson, Rosalind S. // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Sep2008, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p429 

    Data on the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in children in Mongolia is limited. We therefore determined the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), and deficiencies of iron, folate, vitamin A, zinc, selenium, and vitamin D among young Mongolian children. Anthropometry and...

  • Associations between energy density and macronutrient composition in the diets of pre-school children: sugars vs starch. Gibson, S A // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;May2000, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p633 

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between energy density (ED) and macronutrient composition in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Children aged 1½-4½ y, hypothesizing that high-ED diets tend to be high in sugars as well as fat. DESIGN: Further analysis of data from a...

  • Practical food-based dietary guidelines developed for 12-24 month old New Zealand toddlers. Szymlek-Gay, E. A.; Ferguson, E. L.; Heath, A-L. M.; Skeaff, S. // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;2004 Supplement, Vol. 13, pS62 

    Background - Up to 33% of 12-24 month old urban New Zealand (NZ) children have sub-optimal iron status related to inadequate dietary iron intakes. Dietary intakes of other essential micronutrients are also often low in this population. Objective - To develop practical food-based dietary...

  • Micronutrient status, cognition and behavioral problems in childhood. Benton, David // European Journal of Nutrition;Aug2008 Supplement 3, Vol. 47, p38 

    It is widely accepted that the rapid rate of growth of the brain during the last third of gestation and the early postnatal stage makes it vulnerable to an inadequate diet, although brain development continues into adulthood and micronutrient status can influence functioning beyond infancy. A...

  • Just Read the Label…Or Not. STERGAKOS, MARYGRACE // Kiwi;Jul/Aug2009, p20 

    The article focuses on the key nutrients that parents should look for in food labels for children. Children aged nine to eighteen need about a third more calcium than adults. Younger children need only about half as much iron compared to adults. The fiber requirements for children 13 and above...

  • Why does nutrition deteriorate rapidly among children under 2 years of age? Using qualitative methods to understand community perspectives on complementary feeding practices in Bangladesh. Rasheed, Sabrina; Haider, Rukhsana; Hassan, Nazmul; Pachón, Helena; Islam, Sanjeeda; Jalal, Chowdhury S. B.; Sanghvi, Tina G. // Food & Nutrition Bulletin;Sep2011, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p192 

    Background. Child undernutrition remains high in South Asian and sub-Saharan African countries. Rapid declines in nutritional status occur before the age of 2 years, particularly during the period of complementary feeding. Improving complementary feeding practices is a neglected area in...

  • Diet and exercise intervention, with special reference to micronutrients, reduces cardiometabolic risk in overweight children. Khadilkar, Vaman V.; Pandit, Deepa S.; Khadilkar, Anuradha V.; Chiplonkar, Shashi A.; Kinare, Arun S. // Indian Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism;Jan2012, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p124 

    Objective: To study the effect of lifestyle intervention in the presence of multivitamin-zinc supplementation in improving the cardiometabolic status of overweight children. Materials and Methods: Data were evaluated in 74 overweight children (11.3 ± 2.9 years) randomly assigned to three...

  • Identifying acceptability and price points for purchasing micronutrient powders for children 2 to 5 years old in Nepal. Gunnala, Rajni; Perrine, Cria G.; Subedi, Giriraj; Mebrahtu, Saba; Dahal, Pradiumna; Jefferds, Maria Elena // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Mar2017, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p110 

    Background and Objective: Little is known about purchasing micronutrient powders (MNP) for children 2-5 years. We describe acceptability for purchasing and price points for MNP for children 2-5 years among caregivers living in districts where free MNP are distributed for children...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics