TITLE

Challenge or globalization to enterprise R&D, innovation systems and innovation policies

AUTHOR(S)
Loikkanen, Torsti
PUB. DATE
September 2006
SOURCE
VEST: Journal of Science & Technology Studies;2006, Vol. 19 Issue 3/4, p7
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
According to innovation policy documents and related socio-economic studies globalization and the dynamics of knowledge and innovation are among key drivers of current development of enterprises and of knowledge-economies. Respectively the worldwide competition is expected to be increasingly about the attractiveness of innovation systems, availability of skilled labor force, and affordable costs. Due to a large consensus of the importance of knowledge and innovation to the competitiveness and welfare, countries are actively developing innovation policies for reinforcing innovation systems. These conclusions and the underlying socio-economic analysis are starting points of this article. In the literature globalization, knowledge-economies and innovation systems are discussed extensively from different angles. The research in this area is covering versatile aspects of the complex phenomenon of globalization, but the contributions supplying an overall perspective on the topic are rare. This article attempts to give a comprehensive overview on this topic by analyzing the traits behind globalization, related aspects on enterprise R&D and knowledge-economies, and arising implications on innovation policies. The article is organized as follows. Chapter 1 outlines a contex for the "new phase" of globalization, Chapter 2 considers the impacts of globalization on innovation strategies of enterprises, and Chapter 3 analyses the implications of globalization on innovation policies. The article draws much on the contributions and conclusions of two conferences related to globalization of R&D and knowledge-economies held in Helsinki, Finland in 2004 and 2006, and on on-going research project of globalization at VTT Innovation Studies.
ACCESSION #
35898368

 

Related Articles

  • APEC and Labour Migration. Friesen, Wardlow // Labour, Capital & Society;Apr-Nov1998, Vol. 31 Issue 1/2, p45 

    The article focuses on the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) countries on the western side of the Pacific Rim. Explicit APEC policy on migration is limited but implicit policy can be discerned by analysis of linkages and omissions. There is a global escalation of levels of mobility...

  • Un-peaceful coexistence: labor issues in a global market. Silvia, John // ABA Banking Journal;Sep2005, Vol. 97 Issue 9, p96 

    Comments on the globalization of the labor market as of September 2005. Number of jobs created by U.S. firms in 25 consecutive months of job gains; Decline in the number of available workers; Reduction in the number of part-time workers due to economic reasons.

  • GLOBALISATION AND THE RISE IN LABOUR MARKET INEQUALITIES. Wood, Adrian // Economic Journal;Sep98, Vol. 108 Issue 450, p1463 

    The article discusses the contribution of globalization to the increase in labor market inequalities in several developing countries. The author provides historical perspective, outlines the theory, and reviews the empirical evidence and implications for policy. Plenty of evidence suggest that...

  • Inter-regional labor market equilibrium: another pattern of spatial mismatch. Bar-El, Raphael // Annals of Regional Science;Jun2006, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p393 

    The inability of the free market to lead to a balanced regional labor market equilibrium has been explained to a certain extent by the spatial mismatch hypothesis: “housing segregation” explains a deadlock situation where a “center” with high unemployment and low income...

  • PROFESSIONAL AND QUALIFIED WORKFORCE FOR THE REGIONS OF LATVIA -- THE CHALLENGE OF THE 21ST CENTURY. Veipa, Ingrida; Jermolajeva, Elita; Azena, Ligita // Regional Review / Regionalais Zinojums;2017, Issue 13, p64 

    In the future, labour market will be greatly influenced by globalisation trends -- competition between mature and emerging economies, changes in the supply of labour: the ratio of older human resources is expected to grow in Europe and other mature economies, whereas emerging economies will...

  • Fluxo de empregos, fluxo de trabalhadores e fluxo de postos de trabalho no Brasil. Ribeiro, Eduardo Pontual // Brazilian Journal of Political Economy / Revista de Economia Pol;jul-set2010, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p401 

    Job flows, workers flows and employment flows in Brazil. The labor market is in constant flux. When measuring labor market mobility, it is usual to estimate labor market flow statistics, such as worker reallocation and job reallocation. The goal of this paper is to present previously unknown...

  • PART TWO THE POLITICS OF GLOBALIZATION.  // Rethinking Globalization;2000, Vol. 22, p67 

    Part 2 of the book "Rethinking Globalization" is presented. It discusses the role of politics in the process of globalization. It notes that a failure to adapt with the impact of direct policy will result in economic decline for social units. Moreover, global production is a product of...

  • KÃœRESELLEÅžME VE [ULUS DEVLETLERE] ETKÄ°LERÄ°. Erdem, Orhan // e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy (NWSA);2009, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p241 

    Globalization is one of the most talked and argued subject in recent years. Globalization reminds that the world starts to be a big market, and it refers to popular culture, technological and similar developments. That means it influences the whole parts of the life. It is said that the negative...

  • Implementing structural reform: A review of progress.  // OECD Economic Surveys: Denmark;Feb99, Vol. 1999 Issue 3, p61 

    Reports on the labor market of Denmark as of February 1999. Recent developments in the labor market, the results achieved so far and the problems that remain; Description and appraisal of recent initiatives in the area of labor market, education, and competition policies; Remaining challenges...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics