Distorsiones cognitivas y resultado del tratamiento en el juego patológico

Labrador, Francisco J.; Mañoso, Vanessa; Alba, Ana Fernández
October 2008
International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p387
Academic Journal
The verbalizations of 80 pathological gamblers, at a slot-machine gambling situation, were analyzed using the thinking aloud method, pre and post a treatment. The cognitive distortions included in these verbalizations are compared after the gambles were broken up in two groups, success and failure, according with the results of the treatment. At the pre-treatment the success group presents fewer verbalization at the distortion Chance as a selfcorrective process. At the pos-treatment there are no significative differences between both groups in any of the eight kinds of distortions under study. But the success group presents bigger reductions at all distortions, except illusion of control, specially at personification of the gambling machine and chance as a selfcorrective process. It is concluded that not all the cognitive distortions are of similar importance for the pathological gambling maintenance. The value of illusion of control is limited, but there most be bigger the value of personification of the gambling machine, considering chance as a selfcorrective process and belive in luck.


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