TITLE

RUSŲ KALBOS VAIDMUO STIPRINANT SOVIETINĮ TAPATUMĄ IR NACIONALINĖ POLITIKA SOVIETINĖJE SISTEMOJE 8-9 DEŠIMTMETYJE

AUTHOR(S)
IVANAUSKAS, VILLUS
PUB. DATE
July 2007
SOURCE
Lietuvos Istorijos Metrastis;2007, Issue 2, p103
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article analyze the impact and meaning of the Soviet language policy, which in the mid' of 70's marked the beginning of intensive expansion of Russian language, especially in the field of education. After wide-organized conferences held in Tashkent in 1975 and 1979, central institutions (USSR Education ministry) have implemented an active language programme in the secondary schools and pre-school establishments in all soviet republics, including soviet Lithuania. The rhetoric of this policy was based on attempts to make closer integration (sblizhenya) of soviet nations. In this context Russian language were presented as a communication instrument, which helps to stimulate such integration. Nevertheless different facts show that strengthening Russian language in public life marked active soviet national policy, in which Russian language played much more significant than only communication instrument. By applying constructivist approach on national identity, the main focus of the article is addressed to answer the questions: what national identity form was supported by this language policy and what was the role of interest groups by shaping it. Analyzing different research sources based on archival, interview and memoirs materials, collected both in Russia and Lithuania, the article states that soviet national policy during the implementation of Russian language policy has changed it's vision from resemblance (sblizheniye) towards fusion (sliyaniae), which expressed the ideals to create soviet society and soviet people as an unified entity. In this process Russian language was not only the neutral mediator, but as well it held the role of proactive agent, promoting Russian cultural background as a dominant factor in the identity building process. This direction of language policy can be identified by observing not only the change of central governments' rhetoric, but also the protection of intelligentsia oriented to Russian nationalism in the 70-80s. The promotion of Russian culture and their ideas can be found not only in cultural policy, but it became a part of political and educational processes, which, both in language programmes and in the attitude of center officials to cadres policy, expressed the same orientation to the homogenization and russification of soviet society.
ACCESSION #
36648969

 

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