July 2007
Lietuvos Istorijos Metrastis;2007, Issue 2, p103
Academic Journal
The article analyze the impact and meaning of the Soviet language policy, which in the mid' of 70's marked the beginning of intensive expansion of Russian language, especially in the field of education. After wide-organized conferences held in Tashkent in 1975 and 1979, central institutions (USSR Education ministry) have implemented an active language programme in the secondary schools and pre-school establishments in all soviet republics, including soviet Lithuania. The rhetoric of this policy was based on attempts to make closer integration (sblizhenya) of soviet nations. In this context Russian language were presented as a communication instrument, which helps to stimulate such integration. Nevertheless different facts show that strengthening Russian language in public life marked active soviet national policy, in which Russian language played much more significant than only communication instrument. By applying constructivist approach on national identity, the main focus of the article is addressed to answer the questions: what national identity form was supported by this language policy and what was the role of interest groups by shaping it. Analyzing different research sources based on archival, interview and memoirs materials, collected both in Russia and Lithuania, the article states that soviet national policy during the implementation of Russian language policy has changed it's vision from resemblance (sblizheniye) towards fusion (sliyaniae), which expressed the ideals to create soviet society and soviet people as an unified entity. In this process Russian language was not only the neutral mediator, but as well it held the role of proactive agent, promoting Russian cultural background as a dominant factor in the identity building process. This direction of language policy can be identified by observing not only the change of central governments' rhetoric, but also the protection of intelligentsia oriented to Russian nationalism in the 70-80s. The promotion of Russian culture and their ideas can be found not only in cultural policy, but it became a part of political and educational processes, which, both in language programmes and in the attitude of center officials to cadres policy, expressed the same orientation to the homogenization and russification of soviet society.


Related Articles

  • Baltisakslased ja Vene riigivoim 19. sajandi teisel poolel: vene keele kasutuselevotust Balti kubermangude ametiasutustes ja koolides. Kiverik, Indrek // Eesti Ajalooarhiivi Toimetised;2010, Vol. 18 Issue 25, p11 

    The changing of status of the German language in Estonian territory in the 19th century, particularly during the period of Russification, is a topic underrepresented in Estonian historiography. This article focuses on state reforms carried out in the last decades of the 19th century which aimed...

  • COMMUNICATION IN THE INFORMATION AGE: A Critique. Murphy, John W. // ETC: A Review of General Semantics;Fall95, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p336 

    Focuses on the meaning and implications of Information Age. Role of information in politics, economy and in maintaining social order; Assumptions essential to Information Age; Social aspects of communication.

  • FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE JOURNAL IN THE CONTEXT OF GENESIS OF COMMUNICOLOGY. SHARKOV, Felix I. // Communicology / Kommunikologia;mar/apr2014, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p10 

    An introduction to the journal is presented in which the editor discusses the various articles related to the common theme of ethno-cultural communication.

  • THE INTERNET AS MAGNIFYING GLASS: MARITAL STATUS AND ON-LINE SOCIAL TIES. Matei, Sorin // Javnost-The Public;2003, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p101 

    Presents a study which investigated the relationship between the transformations in the nature and prevalence in the nature and prevalence of various types of general off-line social arrangements and the social use of the Internet in the U.S. Discussion of the U.S. social context in an era of...

  • INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON MASS COMMUNICATION. Sitaram, K.S. // Communication;Jul74, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p53 

    Focuses on the role of culture in shaping mass communication. History of mass communication; Communication during the industrial revolution; Emergence of mass media; Manner by which culture influences mass communication.

  • THE PROCESS OF ASSIMILATION. Woolston, Howard // Social Forces;May45, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p416 

    The article focuses on the process of assimilation in social life. Patterns of behavior are fashioned from group experience and are followed by most of its members. Such common ways of thinking, judging, and believing become norms of conduct for a people. The rules are accepted and approved as...

  • The reality of race in France. Gorgette, Mary Harvan // National Catholic Reporter;11/25/2005, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p14 

    Discusses the nature of race in France. Analysis on the racial definition of the French Republic; Identification problem between Islamic faith or Algerian ethnicity; Impact of vast majority of immigrants on ethnicity.

  • An All-American Melting Pot. Fetto, John; Gardyn, Rebecca // American Demographics;Jul2001, Vol. 23 Issue 7, p8 

    Reports that United States (U.S.) residents of foreign descent identify their culture and tradition as purely U.S. in nature. Results of a survey by Maritz Marketing Research on cultural assimilation; List of foreign cultures and influences; Attitudes of citizens toward foreign cultures.

  • Russifying Estonia? Waldstein, Maxim // Kritika: Explorations in Russian & Eurasian History;Summer2007, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p561 

    The article examines some of the issues concerning the idiom "Russification." The article explains that Russification has been used by journalists, essayists, and some academics to describe Soviet nationalist policies and their efforts, especially in the field of education. It is suggested that...


Other Topics