Costo-beneficio de un programa preventivo y terapéutico para reducir la deficiencia de hierro en Argentina

Drake, Ignacio; Bernztein, Ricardo
January 2009
Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica;Jan2009, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p39
Objectives. To estimate the direct and indirect cost of iron deficiency (ID) and irondeficiency anemia (IDA) in Argentina and compare it with the cost of a prevention and treatment program. Methods. Analysis of a prior scenario to gage the relative cost-benefit of an IDA prevention and treatment program for all low-income children and expectant mothers without social coverage/benefits in Argentina. The economic consequences of ID and IDA were estimated as direct (cost of care for premature birth) and indirect costs (future lost productivity due to poor cognitive development due of children with ID and current reduced productivity of adults with IDA) employing the specific methodology designed by The Micronutrient Initiative (Ottawa, Canada). The interventions were defined according the practical clinical guidelines in use in Argentina and the item costs were taken from Ministry of Health price lists. Results. Each US$ 1.00 invested in an ID and IDA prevention and treatment program, assuming 90% coverage of breastfeeding/pregnant uninsured low-income mothers, would save US$ 33.40 by preventing the economic losses that would otherwise result from these conditions. Conclusions. DH interventions not only significantly improve the health status of the population, but also offer a considerable savings.


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