TITLE

Prevalence of and Factors Related to Depression in High School Students

AUTHOR(S)
Eskın, Mehmet; Ertekın, Kamil; Harlak, Hacer; Dereboy, Çiğdem
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Turkish Journal of Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: The study aimed at investigating the prevalence of and factors related to depression in high school students. Method: A total of 805 (n = 367 girls; n = 438 boys) first year students from three high schools in the city of Aydin filled in a self-report questionnaire that contained questions about socio-demographics, academic achievement and religious belief. It included also a depression rating scale, social support scale, problem solving inventory and an assertiveness scale. T-tests, chi-square tests, Pearson moment products correlation coefficients, and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: 141 students (17.5%) scored on and above the cut-off point on the Children Depression Inventory (CDI). In the first regression analyses low self-esteem, low grade point average (GPA) and low perceived social support from friends in boys, and low self-esteem, low paternal educational level and low social support from friends were the predictors of girls' depression. When self-esteem scores were excluded, low GPA, low perceived social support from friends and family, and inefficient problem solving skills were predictors of depression in boys; low perceived social support from friends and family, low paternal educational level, and inefficient problem solving skills were the independent predictors of depression in girls. Conclusion: Depression is prevalent in high school students. Low self-esteem, low perceived social support from peers and family, and inefficient problem solving skills appears to be risk factors for adolescent depression. Low GPA for boys and low paternal education for girls were gender specific risk factors. Psychosocial interventions geared for increasing self-esteem, social support and problem solving skills may be effective in the prevention and treatment of adolescent depression.
ACCESSION #
41990347

 

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