Prevalence of and Factors Related to Depression in High School Students

Eskın, Mehmet; Ertekın, Kamil; Harlak, Hacer; Dereboy, Çiğdem
December 2008
Turkish Journal of Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p1
Academic Journal
Objective: The study aimed at investigating the prevalence of and factors related to depression in high school students. Method: A total of 805 (n = 367 girls; n = 438 boys) first year students from three high schools in the city of Aydin filled in a self-report questionnaire that contained questions about socio-demographics, academic achievement and religious belief. It included also a depression rating scale, social support scale, problem solving inventory and an assertiveness scale. T-tests, chi-square tests, Pearson moment products correlation coefficients, and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: 141 students (17.5%) scored on and above the cut-off point on the Children Depression Inventory (CDI). In the first regression analyses low self-esteem, low grade point average (GPA) and low perceived social support from friends in boys, and low self-esteem, low paternal educational level and low social support from friends were the predictors of girls' depression. When self-esteem scores were excluded, low GPA, low perceived social support from friends and family, and inefficient problem solving skills were predictors of depression in boys; low perceived social support from friends and family, low paternal educational level, and inefficient problem solving skills were the independent predictors of depression in girls. Conclusion: Depression is prevalent in high school students. Low self-esteem, low perceived social support from peers and family, and inefficient problem solving skills appears to be risk factors for adolescent depression. Low GPA for boys and low paternal education for girls were gender specific risk factors. Psychosocial interventions geared for increasing self-esteem, social support and problem solving skills may be effective in the prevention and treatment of adolescent depression.


Related Articles

  • THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL SUPPORT TO DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS DURING THE TRANSITION TO HIGH SCHOOL. Newman, Barbara M.; Newman, Philip R.; Griffen, Sarah; O'Connor, Kerry; Spas, Jayson // Adolescence;Fall2007, Vol. 42 Issue 167, p441 

    The transition to high school is studied as a time when students may experience disruptions in their social support systems. Peer support, family support, and school belonging were hypothesized to be associated with adolescent adjustment, specifically depressive symptoms. Participants included...

  • Depression im Alter. Riedel-Heller, S.G.; Weyerer, S.; König, H.-H.; Luppa, M. // Der Nervenarzt;Nov2012, Vol. 83 Issue 11, p1373 

    Depression in old age is common and has severe consequences. The paper reviews the most recent results of population-based and primary care-based studies reporting the prevalence, course and risk factors for depression in old age. Consequences of late life depression for the individual and for...

  • The Effect of Eight Weeks of Aerobic Training on Reducing Mood Disorders, Depression And Mania in High School Students High School Boys. piri, Mohsen; Zardoshtian, Shirin; Khazaee, Shahrzad; Piri, Roghieh // International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social ;Jan2012, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p267 

    The aim of this study was to consider the effect of eight weeks of aerobic training on the reduction of mood disorders, depression and mania in boys' high school in Ilam-Iran. This was a quasi-experimental and field research taking the experimental and control groups into consideration. In this...

  • School-Based Suicide Prevention Program Shows Success; First Study to Look at Innovative Program to Prevent Suicide in Young People.  // Ascribe Newswire: Medicine;3/4/2004, p25 

    For the first time, a school-based suicide prevention program has been shown to reduce suicidal behavior in high school students. Students who participated in the program, called SOS [Signs of Suicide] High School Suicide Prevention Program, showed a 40 percent reduction in suicide attempts...

  • Porównanie obrazu depresji mÅ‚odzieÅ„czej w populacji uczniów krakowskich szkół gimnazjalnych na podstawie analizy wyników badaÅ„ za pomocÄ… inwentarza objawowego IO „B1“ w... Modrzejewska, Renata; Bomba, Jacek // Psychiatria Polska;2009, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p175 

    Aim. This study describes an attempt at finding out whether or not the adolescent depression image in the mid-adolescent phase is related to the social context of adolescence. Method. For the depression study, version IO "B1" of the Kraków Depression Inventory (KID) was used. The subject...

  • Dark Moods. Wysong, Pippa // Current Health 2;Dec2005, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p14 

    This article discusses depression in teenagers. Because teen depression takes such different forms, it can easily be missed. However, self-destructive behaviors, such as self-inflicted cutting can sometimes spring from an underlying depression. So can drug or alcohol addiction or eating...

  • Depression Status of Academic High School Students in Seoul: Mediating Role of Entrapment. Park, Young-Joo; Shin, Nah-Mee; Han, Kuem Sun; Kang, Hyun Cheol; Cheon, Sook-Hee; Shin, Hyunjeong // Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing;Oct2011, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p663 

    Purpose: Purpose of this study was to investigate the status of depression in academic high school students and path analysis model for exploring the mediating role of entrapment to depression in relation to academic stress and perceived social support. Methods: Measurements were four reliable...

  • Prevalence of adolescent obesity among high school students of Kerala, South India. Remesh, Ambili // Archives of Pharmacy Practice;Oct-Dec2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p289 

    Objectives: To study the prevalence of obesity among high school students of age 15-17 years and identify the associated risk factors. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study involving the measurement of height and weight and calculation of body mass index among high school...

  • Adolescent Primary Care Patients' Preferences for Depression Treatment. Jaycox, Lisa H.; Asarnow, Joan Rosenbaum; Sherbourne, Cathy D.; Rea, Margaret M.; Laborde, Anne P.; Wells, Kenneth B. // Administration & Policy in Mental Health & Mental Health Service;Mar2006, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p198 

    The article presents information on adolescent primary care patients' preferences for depression treatment. In the United States, depression in adolescent is a major public health problem. Poor social functioning, school performance, increased risk for drug and use of alcohol are associated with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics